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Body mass index for women over 70: Healthy Weight and BMI Range for Older Adults

Updated April 10, Search Menu.

A comprehensive examination of health conditions associated with obesity in older adults. Although we found lower risk of three conditions with low BMI, and it is accepted that intentional weight loss may benefit functional status and reduce risk of conditions such as cardiovascular disorders, diabetes, and osteoarthritis 2839unintentional weight loss is not a good sign and warrants further examination 37. A good way to decide if your weight is healthy for your height is to figure out your body mass index BMI. And the loss of muscle mass continues each year. There are plenty of online calculators and charts that can help you determine your BMI based on standard measures inches, pounds if you prefer.

  • Related articles in Web of Science Google Scholar.

  • Improving nutrition to support healthy ageing: what are the opportunities for intervention?

  • Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies. Adults over 65 at the high end of the healthy body mass index BMI range were at lower risk of mortality, and those at the low end were at highest risk, according to a recent meta-analysis.

  • However, not everyone needs regular weights. BMIs under 20 and over 25 have been associated with higher all-causes mortality, with the risk increasing with distance from the 20—25 range.

The limitations of BMI

BMI was simply an statistical index created by a mathematician nearly years ago. A meta-analysis looks at the big picture, examining a lot of different studies. Gahagan S. Association of body mass index with mortality and functional outcome after acute ischemic stroke. This is important to remember.

Thanks for your feedback! In fact, a study published in the Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics found that older adults with BMIs over 30 did not experience a decline in activities of daily living. Healthy Weight, Nutrition, and Physical Activity. In total, 9, women were included in the analysis of women without cancer.

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Overweight and obesity. But an even better way to assess weight in the elderly is looking at usual body dor and weight stability. In fact, a study published in the Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics found that older adults with BMIs over 30 did not experience a decline in activities of daily living. A BMI of up to Weight, shape, and mortality risk in older persons: elevated waist-hip ratio, not high body mass index, is associated with a greater risk of death. Winter JE.

Prepare high-calorie meals, such as soups and casseroles, in bulk quantities so that they are always on hand. Before we dig too deep, we need to look into what BMI is. Interestingly researchers found no risk of mobility disability or mortality with weight gain These include heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, stroke, and breathing disorders such as sleep apnea to name just a few. And even more interesting, on the flip side, rate of mortality increased much quicker with lower BMIs. It turned out that I lost all eight pounds in fat, but did not gain —or lose—any lean body mass.

BMI for older adults - geriatric BMI guidelines

Proc Nutr Soc. Porter Starr KN. A research article published in examined the impact of obesity on sarcopenia and mortality risk 5.

Your provider may also take your waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio into consideration. Article Navigation. Article Sources. And this ties into sarcopenia, body composition, and frailty.

BMI is here mase stay, so we need to make sure that older adults are assessed for BMI using the correct ranges. Meaning… stop unintended weight lossand quick! Talk with your healthcare provider to determine possible causes of underweight and if you need to gain weight. Cause of death data were used to supplement self-reported data on chronic conditions from onwards.

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Winter JE. I averaged about grams of protein daily I weigh and did full body strength training twice a week with weights. I am all for health at every size. Thank you so much for this article!

  • Subsequently, the three cohorts have been resurveyed by mail every 3 years.

  • We discussed BMI in the elderly and went beyond to assessing weight and stopping unintended weight loss.

  • Monitoring weight status in individuals with a BMI of less than 23, they hody, "would seem appropriate to detect weight loss promptly and address modifiable causes. If you have more or less muscle than is normal, your BMI may not be a perfect measure of how much body fat you have:.

  • Is the relationship between BMI and mortality increasingly U-shaped with advancing age?

  • Baseline BMI and age at each survey were included in the model, as well as the square and cube of these variables. However, it is possible that a few extra pounds may not be as harmful to those over age 65 as they are for younger people, and that being underweight is more of a concern for older individuals.

  • This is good, reliable data.

How to Prevent Obesity. Best of luck to you! Improving nutrition to support healthy ageing: what are the opportunities for intervention? So the results of a meta-analysis are super strong and reliable. I like my protein and dairy and have always had them in my diet. Was this page helpful? The Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health ALSWH is one of few studies worldwide that includes a large population-based sample of women who were aged 70—75 years at the start of the study in

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A proportional hazards model was used to estimate hazard ratios of death in relation to age, BMI, and smoking at baseline. The fitted values, which were on the logit scale, were back transformed and scaled to give estimated annual rates for each BMI value. One of the largest studies that set out to determine just how much BMI impacts the health of older adults was published in in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Embed Share via. So glad to hear! Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

Concurrent and separate effects of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio on year mortality in the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg: evidence of age-dependency. Median BMI 25—75 percentiles was Search Menu. This research suggests that interventions in older adults should perhaps be focused on improving muscle mass instead of focusing on fat mass. The dashed lines represent subdivisions within a major class. Being overweight or obese at 65 was only rarely linked to worse health outcomes or lower life expectancy, compared to those who were at a healthy weight at age This is a table that I have created based on the research done by Winters et al.

Publication types

For women who died during the study, life span was calculated as the difference between year of death and year of birth. Logistic regression models with the generalized estimating equation procedure for repeated measures were used to model the association between baseline BMI in and incidence and prevalence of each chronic condition and between baseline BMI and hospital admission. Commonly accepted BMI ranges are underweight under Recent studies in Britain have indicated that females between the ages 12 and 16 have a higher BMI than males of the same age by 1.

Improving nutrition to support healthy ageing: what are the opportunities for intervention? How Obesity Is Treated. Researchers found that the more muscle older adults had, the lower the risk of all-cause mortality death and cardiovascular mortality. Menopause and Weight Gain. Incorporating resistance exercise and increasing protein intake are the best ways for older adults to minimize muscle mass and bone loss with age

This study really underscored the importance of weight history. When using BMI in the elderly, we need to make sure that the appropriate ranges are being used. A research study investigated all-cause mortality and its association with weight, muscle, and fat mass in older men. They were surveyed five times from toand longitudinal analyses were performed using data from these five surveys. Researchers wanted to investigate the association between sarcopenia and risk of death during hospital stays 6. Overweight and obesity as determinants of cardiovascular risk: the Framingham experience.

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Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. For women who died during the study, life span was calculated as the difference between year of death and year of birth. It can be difficult to avoid weight loss if you have chronic disorders that are associated with impaired nutrition.

He is weak and confused. Am J Clin Nutr. Fantastic article, Katie Dodd! The last thing I wanted to talk about in this section is the nutrition focused physical exam. Accessed April 18,

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Thank you so much for this article!

  • BMI guidelines are higher for older adults.

  • It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. And similar results have also been found in research done with frail, older adults 9.

What wlmen the health consequences of obesity for adults? For analysis of incidence, the outcome was the proportion of newly reported cases by women who had not previously reported the condition. We have learned that body composition and prevention of muscle loss has an important role in the heath of the older adult. The validity of obesity based on self-reported weight and height: implications for population studies.

Related Articles. It delivers calories per grams. A study found that having a low level of body fat or having a pronounced body mass index for women over 70 in body fat is associated with an increased risk of mortality in frail older women 9. Loss of muscle is one of the main reasons unintended weight loss is so detrimental in older adults. Smokers were at much higher risk of death than ex-smokers or women who had never smoked. In those who want to lose weight or have a medical need, we need to make sure they are getting adequate protein and resistance training to preserve their muscle with weight loss.

What is BMI?

We discussed BMI in the elderly and went beyond to assessing weight and stopping unintended weight loss. BMI chart for children. Centimetres and kilograms kgpounds lbstones st.

  • Despite charts and calculators, target BMI is not the same for everyone and may need to factor in additional considerations.

  • Why is a higher BMI in the elderly associated with lower rates of mortality?

  • The rates for heart disease also increased with increasing BMI, but less sharply, and there were marked differences in rates according to smoking status, with the lowest incidence and prevalence in never-smokers.

  • Women who reported chronic conditions at Survey 1 were included in the analyses of prevalence but not of incidence. Being overweight or obese at 65 was only rarely linked to worse health outcomes or lower life expectancy, compared to those who were at a healthy weight at age

  • Goldman-Cecil Medicine.

Skip Nav Destination Article Navigation. Although the WHO separately addresses the health consequences of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence and in adults, there are no distinctions for young, mid-aged, or older adults. Open in new tab Download slide. We also know that health can exist at every size.

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I am all for health at every size. Sign In. Your BMI isindicating your weight is in the category for adults of your height. Article Navigation. Prevalence and incidence of the four chronic conditions per 3 years over the year follow-up period are reported in Table 2. He is weak and confused. Thank you, thank you, thank you.

Based on extensive research, different BMI categories were set for older adults, where healthy weight was defined as a BMI body mass index for women over 70 from 23 to A comprehensive examination of health conditions associated with obesity in older adults. For example, a woman who weighs pounds kilograms and is 68 inches centimeters tall has a BMI of Wendy J. Body Weight Read more. Distribution of body mass index BMI in We also know that health can exist at every size.

References

In researchers sought to better understand the relationship between lean body mass index for women over 70 muscle and fat tissue in older adults. Close mobile search wpmen Article Navigation. This illustration is an example of muscle mass at age 25 compared to age It is therefore expected that the curves in the graphs in this article would have shifted one to one-and-a-half BMI units to the right if height and weight had been objectively assessed. But an even better way to assess weight in the elderly is looking at usual body weight and weight stability.

  • So glad to hear! BMI chart for seniors.

  • Concurrent and separate effects of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio on year mortality in the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg: evidence of age-dependency.

  • How it is calculated.

  • There are increased health risks associated with having a high BMI, such as heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and vascular disease, and they apply across age groups.

BMI values above 30 in older adults, however, have been linked with an incex risk of disease and a lower quality of life 8. Body mass index for women over 70 summary of attrition at each survey is provided in Table 1. Prepare high-calorie meals, such as soups and casseroles, in bulk quantities so that they are always on hand. Researchers found that older men who lost weight, muscle, or fat mass had a higher risk of mortality than men whose weight, muscle, or fat mass remained stable

Subsequently, the three cohorts have been resurveyed by mail every 3 years. Self-reported smoking status was categorized as never-smoker, ex-smoker, or current smoker. All rights reserved. Before and after I got a DXA scan for body composition to compare. Oxford Academic. In researchers sought to better understand the relationship between lean mass muscle and fat tissue in older adults.

Publication types

Baseline BMI and age at each survey were included in the model, as well ofr the square and cube of these variables. You may need the help of a nutritionist, who can guide you with things such as caloric goals and whether you need to take vitamin and mineral supplements. How is BMI interpreted for adults? Weight lb.

Finally, estimates of incidence fkr disease in older people are by definition limited to those who reached old age without ever having experienced the condition. There was intentional oversampling of women living in rural and remote areas. Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.

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All rights ror. For example, in U. Before we dig too deep, we need to look into what BMI is. Overweight and obesity as determinants of cardiovascular risk: the Framingham experience. The results of this study illustrate that this is not an easy task in the case of BMI. I am 66 with a BMI of

Interestingly those with maes highest amount of fat mass did not have a significantly greater risk 7. However, there was an increased risk for those at the lower end of the recommended BMI range for adults 3. We live in a weight obsessed world. These results illustrate the complexity of determining the optimal BMI range for women who survived to age 70—75 years. Wrist in.

More BMI Charts

Ensure a protein intake to 1 gram per kilogram per day. We examined the association between BMI, womenn using self-report weight and height data, and self-reported chronic conditions. The association between BMI in and each outcome was examined using logistic regression models with repeated measures and a proportional hazards model for survival. Are you under 65 years of age, meaning that the BMI calculator for the elderly is not suitable for you?

Assessing your weight and health risk. When looking weight loss, we need to look at the change in weight over time to determine if the weight loss is significant or severe loss. BMI and all-cause mortality in older adults: a meta-analysis. New issue alert. Selvamani Y, Singh P. Annette J. Open in new tab.

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Arch Gerontol Geriatr. Reset defaults. Survival in older men may benefit from being slightly overweight and centrally obese—a 5-year follow-up study in 4, older adults using DXA. Sarcopenia appears to increase the risk of death regardless of BMI. Jensen MD.

And they really should be working with a geriatric dietitian! Where did it came from. Data from Surveys 2—5 were analyzed together using repeated measures models. Despite charts and calculators, target BMI is not the same for everyone and may need to factor in additional considerations. Hospital episodes and physician visits: the concordance between self-reports and medicare claims.

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Given the current findings, "we must be open to the possibility that the find motivation to lose weight that best weight-for-height in older adults is gody same as that seen in younger adults may be wrong," said Sorkin. Sometimes high calorie drinks can be helpful. Excluding women with cancer did not result in changes in the association between BMI and incidence and prevalence of chronic disease, or BMI and mortality, but the higher risk of hospital admission in women in the BMI range of And mostly trying to get the highest amount of calories in the foods he is able to eat.

Interestingly, sometimes the overweight and obese study participants had better health outcomes, but this was not a strong enough trend to recommend that older adults deliberately become overweight or obese. So, what then are appropriate tools to use for assessing weight in the elderly? Contrary to popular belief, the evidence now suggests that, for adults over 65, being underweight increases the risk of death but being overweight does not. European Heart Journal quality standards. Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies. Weight Gain Tips for Seniors and the Elderly Incorporate foods with a high calorie-to-volume ratio into the diet, including nuts, nut butters, avocados, dried fruit, whole grains, pasta, chocolate, cheese, and full-fat dairy. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford.

  • Monitoring weight status in individuals with a BMI of less than 23, they said, "would seem appropriate to detect weight loss promptly and address modifiable causes. Porter Starr KN.

  • It is a tool commonly used to assess weight. Self-reported smoking status was categorized as never-smoker, ex-smoker, or current smoker.

  • Despite charts and calculators, target BMI is not the same for everyone and may need to factor in additional considerations.

  • Is BMI interpreted the same way for children and teens as it is for adults?

Although we found lower risk of three conditions with low BMI, and it is accepted that intentional weight loss may benefit functional status and reduce risk of conditions such as body mass index for women over 70 disorders, diabetes, and osteoarthritis 2839unintentional weight loss is not a good sign and warrants further examination 37. The following ICD codes were used for each condition: a DM: E10—14, b hypertension: I10—15, c heart disease: I20—25 ischemic heart disease and I30—52 other forms of heart diseaseand d osteoporosis: M80— Effects of age on validity of self-reported height, weight, and body mass index: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, However, these data were not available in ALSWH as data collection only began when the women were 70—75 years old.

So, what does this mean? Studies comparing different anthropometric measures of body fat have reported similar results for the association between BMI, waist circumference, and waist—hip ratio with incident DM and hypertension 2930 and heart disease Estimated hospital admission rates, at age For example, in U.

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It has been suggested that, if weight loss advice is warranted, it should be accompanied by treatment for prevention of bone loss Interestingly, sometimes the overweight and obese study participants had better health outcomes, but this was not a strong enough trend to recommend that older adults deliberately become overweight or obese. A year follow-up of persons aged 70—95 years.

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  • So, what then are appropriate tools to use for assessing weight in the elderly? Subsequently, the three cohorts have been resurveyed by mail every 3 years.

  • Using a BMI of Remember to always talk to your provider before starting an exercise program.

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This means that kass of mortality were higher at the lower and upper end of the BMI spectrum. Looking for your next opportunity? Cause of death data were used to supplement self-reported data on chronic conditions from onwards. Moreover, recent research showed that for older populations, being overweight is not associated with an increased risk of mortality.

A BMI goal of Protecting muscle loss and stopping unintended weight loss is so very important in seniors. Researchers found that the more muscle older adults had, the lower the risk of all-cause mortality death and cardiovascular mortality. Forearm in.

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Association between body mass index and quality of life in elderly people over 60 years of age. Zero diet fasting, day fasting, meal skipping. Selvamani Y, Singh P.

Search Menu. Being underweight increases the risk of developing serious health problems and masss your chances of recovery from illnesses. This calculator computes the for women mass index and rates it appropriately for men, women, children, juveniles and seniors. However, these data were not available in ALSWH as data collection only began when the women were 70—75 years old. Centimetres and kilograms kgpounds lbstones st Feet and stones stkilograms kg You are female male Your age: years Recommended for a more accurate calculation Are you Asian or Asian American? It delivers calories per grams.

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How to Prevent Obesity. Body mass index. Find motivation to lose weight comparison of direct vs. But what is an older adult wants to lose weight? Researchers collected BMI data from 32 studies, which includedadult participants all older than age 65 who were followed for at least five years. Concurrent and separate effects of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio on year mortality in the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg: evidence of age-dependency. There was intentional oversampling of women living in rural and remote areas.

  • There is controversy over the use of BMI in health care. Weight Gain Tips for Seniors and the Elderly Incorporate foods with a high calorie-to-volume ratio into the diet, including nuts, nut butters, avocados, dried fruit, whole grains, pasta, chocolate, cheese, and full-fat dairy.

  • For your height, a normal weight range would be from to pounds. BMI was simply an statistical index created by a mathematician nearly years ago.

  • The women were randomly selected from the national Medicare health insurance database, which includes all citizens and permanent residents of Australia. All rights reserved.

  • Table 1. Details of the study design, recruitment methods, and response rates have been described elsewhere 1415and more details about the study can be found at www.

BMI and vor mortality in older adults: a meta-analysis. What are your concerns? It is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems. New issue alert. BMI is calculated by dividing your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared. You can learn more about this topic in my article on stopping unintended weight loss in older adults and weight loss in elderly must be stopped.

So, yes, I do think weight matters in the older adult. The higher prevalence of hypertension observed in women who never smoked was not expected. BMI calculator. Before we dig too deep, we need to look into what BMI is. The BMI chart for women is the same one used by men, its a measure of body fat based on height and weight, but not gender, so it applies to adult men and women between ages of 18 to 65 years. Drizzle extra virgin olive oil over food.

References

Recent studies in Britain have oevr that females between the ages 12 and 16 have a higher BMI than males of the same age by 1. Sign In or Create an Account. BMI is here to stay, so we need to make sure that older adults are assessed for BMI using the correct ranges. A meta-analysis is a big study that looks lots of little studies.

Health consequences of obesity in the elderly: a review bory four unresolved questions. One explanation is that older adults are susceptible to undernutrition due to physiologic changes, chronic disease, polypharmacy, and psychosocial changes, the authors said. Prevalence and incidence of the four chronic conditions per 3 years over the year follow-up period are reported in Table 2. BMI is calculated by dividing your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared. There are several screening tools used in the older adult population to assess malnutrition. In those who want to lose weight or have a medical need, we need to make sure they are getting adequate protein and resistance training to preserve their muscle with weight loss.

And this ties into sarcopenia, body composition, and frailty. Permissions Icon Permissions. Cite Cite Jannique G. Janneke Berecki-Gisolf.

About adult BMI. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. Data were from 11, women who completed five mailed surveys at 3-year intervals between age 70—75 years and age 82—87 years. At Surveys 3—5, women were asked if they had angina, heart attack, or other heart problems.

BMI formula

Speak to your doctor about the appropriate nutritional supplements. How it is calculated. This article is a collaboration between MedPage Today and:.

Your email address will not be pver. As you get older, health issues, changes in your level of activity, medications, and alterations in your metabolism can make it more challenging to adjust to your target BMI. Best Senior Transportation Services. There are several screening tools used in the older adult population to assess malnutrition.

We wholeheartedly agree. It delivers calories per grams. A research study investigated all-cause mortality bofy its association with weight, muscle, and fat mass in older men. In total, 9, women were included in the analysis of women without cancer. This article explains what BMI is and why current BMI ranges may not be appropriate for assessing disease risk or nutritional status in older adults. However, it is possible that a few extra pounds may not be as harmful to those over age 65 as they are for younger people, and that being underweight is more of a concern for older individuals. Anyone who is overweight should try to avoid gaining additional weight.

Why is BMI not accurate for elderly?

Patient Instructions. Moreover, recent research showed that for older populations, being overweight is not associated with an increased risk of mortality. You may need the help of a nutritionist, who can guide you with things such as caloric goals and whether you need to take vitamin and mineral supplements. Ensure a protein intake to 1 gram per kilogram per day. Furthermore, to account for preexisting disease at the start of the study, the mortality analysis was repeated excluding the first 5 years of follow-up only — data were included.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Related Articles. Sign Up. Winter JE. Incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus DMhypertension, heart disease, and osteoporosis; hospital admissions; and mortality were assessed. For women who died during the study, life span was calculated as the difference between year of death and year of birth.

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Patient Instructions. What researchers found was a u-shaped relationship between BMI and mortality. My mas 83 had back surgery 30 days ago. The "nadir of the curve for BMI and mortality was between For analysis of prevalence, each condition was defined as occurring only once and remaining until the end of the study or death, withdrawal, or nonparticipation. Thank you, thank you, thank you. Table of Contents.

BMI body mass index is a key indicator of overall health. A wonderful meta-analysis came out in by Winters et al. So what was the conclusion of this study? She specializes in geriatrics, malnutrition, and end of life nutrition. One of the largest studies that set out to determine just how much BMI impacts the health of older adults was published in in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Alternative Names

In another review, ihdex time involving more thanolder adults, for women found a reduced risk of death for those with a BMI between 23 and 29 and an increase risk of death when BMI fell below 22 7. And even more interesting, on the flip side, rate of mortality increased much quicker with lower BMIs. Despite charts and calculators, target BMI is not the same for everyone and may need to factor in additional considerations.

Moreover, people with higher amounts of muscle mass — such as athletes — may be considered overweight or obese by classification but have a low percentage of body fat. Table 1. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Ensure a protein intake to 1 gram per kilogram per day. Citing articles via Web of Science And preserving muscle mass.

BMI guidelines are higher for older bpdy. We will calculate BMI for year-old Audrey who is cm tall and weighs 70 kilograms. But the biggies come down to: sarcopenia, body composition, and frailty. This is why focusing on usual body weight and weight stability is so important in the elderly. Use the chart below to see what category your BMI falls into, and whether you need to be concerned about your weight.

What is advised is that every effort should be made to ensure older adults don't lose weight as a result of illness or poor nutrition. Both height and weight are used to calculate BMI. Bosy that weighing the elderly is important to monitor for unintended weight loss. For other women, data were right-censored at the end of the study period or at the date of withdrawal or nonparticipation for those women still alive in January A strength of this study is that it is one of few studies to examine the association between BMI and several different specific health outcomes, as well as hospital stay and mortality.

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