Obesity

Childhood obesity effects on mental health – Psychological Effects of Tween Obesity

Journal of Adolescent Health. In addition to triggering body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, weight-based teasing has been linked to suicide attempts [ 23 ], implicated as a predictor of depressive symptoms [ 50 ], positively associated with anxiety, loneliness, social isolation, and parent reports of internalizing and externalizing behaviour problems [ 56 ] and experiences of shame [ 57 ] and negatively associated with physical activity [ 56 ].

Available evidence confirms that obesity can be treated effectively in younger children 73 and adolescents. Most research has not examined these psychosocial factors in one study, and this paper aims to look at these factors together. J Pediatr Psychol. Haines and D. Curr Diabet Rep. In total, unique records were obtained from the searches, full-text articles were retrieved, and articles were included in the document.

  • However, it must be noted that the complexity is not adequately accounted for in this paper.

  • A number of studies have shown higher prevalence of eating-related pathology i.

  • Allen, S. Tanofsky-Kraff, S.

Journal of Obesity

Section Navigation. The low prevalence of childhood overweight in our data reflects the time period the study was conducted. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatri Epidemiol. Appropriate control groups of clinical or nonclinical populations need to be included. The Reykjavik study is a cohort of men and women born between and that has been followed in Iceland since by the Icelandic Heart Association.

Stigma experienced by children and adolescents with obesity. Childhood Obesity Facts. They were selected a priori based on findings from other studies. Health Issues.

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Puhl and C. Presnell, M. View author publications. Pediatr Obes. Google Scholar. One of the most widely proposed mechanism linking childhood obesity to subsequent depression is low self-esteem which is frequently observed in those who do not conform to the cultural ideal body weight [ 32 ]. Overweight, obesity, and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies.

Dietary Restraint Restraint theory [ 38 ] suggests that the constant restriction of food intake will eventually break down and result in disinhibited eating, like binge eating and emotional eating. Eating Disorder Symptoms Traits associated with mentl disorders appear to be common in adolescent obese populations, particularly for girls [ 42 ]. Overweight, obesity, and health-related quality of life among adolescents: the national longitudinal study of adolescent health. Social Stigma For children who are overweight, living with excess pounds can be heartbreaking. Obesity: the role of child mental health services. Correlates of psychosocial well-being among overweight adolescents: the role of the family. Childhood obesity: are we missing the big picture?

A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for articles hea,th information on the identification or prevention of psychiatric childhood obesity effects on mental health in childhood obesity. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Depression and obesity: evidence of shared biological mechanisms. His weak self-esteem can translate into feelings of shame about his body, and his lack of self-confidence can lead to poorer academic performance at school. Weight-teasing among adolescents: correlations with weight status and disordered eating behaviors.

Social Stigma

Waring et al J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Schwartz, R.

Correlates of psychosocial well-being among overweight adolescents: the role of the family. Nutrition Journal. Self-esteem and obesity in children and adolescents: a literature review. Child Adolescent Mental Health.

Turn off Animations. In total, unique records were obtained from the searches, full-text articles were retrieved, and articles were included in the document. Body mass index BMI for children and youth to Learn More. Psychological and behavioral risk factors for obesity onset in adolescent girls: a prospective study.

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Research has consistently found that body satisfaction is higher in males than females at all ages [ 32 ]. More research is needed to determine the reasons for resilience in children that are overweight or obese [ 69 ]. Turn off Animations.

Figure 1. Social Stigma For children who are overweight, living with excess pounds can be heartbreaking. The emotional impact of obesity on children. Bacon L, Aphramor L. A less well-known public health issue that elevates risk for obesity is the evidence of increased frequencies of unhealthy dieting behaviours among young people. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. Learn More. Salud America! Measured obesity: Overweight Canadian children and adolescents.

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Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. Concordance and causes for discordance with the CIDI. Childhood obesity, bone development, and cardiometabolic risk factors. Hoare et al

Overweight children are even more concerned about weight than their childhood obesity effects on mental health counterparts and even normal-weight children with high weight and shape concern report higher body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms [ 20 ]. Health promotion experts have a unique opportunity to build psychosocial resilience among individuals and communities in an effort to reduce or prevent weight-related disorders. The impact obesity on psychological well-being. Geographic and demographic variation in the prevalence of overweight Canadian children. In one of the only studies to approach childhood obesity from an asset model, Fenton et al. Clinical samples show a stronger and more consistent association between overweight and lower QOL than population-based samples [ 64 ]. Wardle J, Cooke L.

In a separate model, additional adjustments were made for late-life BMI. Turn on Animations. J Pers Soc Psychol. Yang et al For example, teasing about weight in childhood may be related to emotional suffering, but at this point the direction of the relationship remains untested empirically.

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Thus, there is a linear relationship between body dissatisfaction and increasing BMI for girls; while for boys a U-shaped relationship suggests that boys with BMIs at the childhood obesity effects on mental health and high extremes experience high levels of body dissatisfaction [ 3334 ]. Keyword combinations are listed in Table 1. Psychological and behavioral risk factors for obesity onset in adolescent girls: a prospective study. Dietary Restraint Restraint theory [ 38 ] suggests that the constant restriction of food intake will eventually break down and result in disinhibited eating, like binge eating and emotional eating. Gibson LY.

Download references. Eat Weight Disord. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. J Adolesc Health. Prospective longitudinal 4 Waves between and Weight-Related Stigma and Mental Health.

Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-age Children: present and lifetime version validated tool. Please review our privacy policy. Palermo, and S. Halldorsson, Inga Thorsdottir, Bryndis E. Childhood obesity and risk of the adult metabolic syndrome: a systematic review. The influence of childhood obesity on the development of self-esteem. Wardle and L.

MeSH terms

Association between clinically meaningful behavior problems and overweight in children. Restraint theory [ 38 childnood suggests that the constant restriction of food intake will eventually break down and result in disinhibited eating, like binge eating and emotional eating. The role of weight and shape concern. Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology. Obese children are more likely to become obese adults, too.

Safety and Prevention. Warschburger P. Peer victimization and pediatric obesity: a review of the literature. Eating Disorder Symptoms Traits associated with eating disorders appear to be common in adolescent obese populations, particularly for girls [ 42 ]. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. IHPR Logo. Cornette R.

  • Increased body dissatisfaction, low self-esteem and perceived stigmatization due to obesity are hypothesized to increase the risk of psychiatric disorders and in particular, depression [ 1011 ]. Thanks for your feedback!

  • J Obes.

  • A focus on early identification and prevention of weight and shape concern could reduce negative psychological outcomes for children of all weight statuses [ 20 ]. Download other formats More.

  • A number of recent documents suggest that a public health response to childhood obesity should include intervention across multiple sectors [ 7879 ]. Parents and teachers are important role models for influencing children's attitudes and behaviours towards their bodies.

  • A controlled evaluation of web-based training for teachers and public health practitioners on the prevention of eating disorders. Looking good: family focus on appearance and the risk for eating disorders.

  • Current conceptualisation of body image dissatisfaction: have we got it wrong?

Adjustment for life-style factors or BMI during late-life did not change these results. Prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in adolescents. Health Issues. Illinois DocAssist consultants have no direct knowledge of the patient, and therefore has not presented the information in a manner that is appropriate for the individual patient's cognitive or emotional processing or the context of the patient's life.

That is why knowing obesitg facts—and childhood obesity effects on mental health the resources available can alter the effects of obesity on mental health—can lead child to a healthy lifestyle. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. Association between clinically meaningful behavior problems and overweight in children. Haines J, Neumark-Sztainer D. Being teased about weight is predictive of binge eating among adolescents [ 54 ] and is cross-sectionally associated with higher levels of disordered eating [ 55 ]. Journal of Adolescent Health. Articles from Journal of Obesity are provided here courtesy of Hindawi Limited.

Publication types

Tevie, J. What Is Weight Stigma? However, in one of these studies statistical significance was only apparent in females but not in males. Haines and D.

The low prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity is partly a result of birth mental health differences. Public health can support the creation eeffects solutions that do not further marginalize overweight and obese children and youth [ 69 ] and that can potentially improve the lives of all children and youth regardless of weight status. Shared risk and protective factors for overweight and disordered eating in adolescents. Taylor et al. Rosen, T.

A focus on early identification and prevention of weight and shape concern mental health reduce negative psychological outcomes for children of all weight statuses [ 20 ]. Skip to main content. Prevalence of binge-eating disorder in obese children and adolescents seeking weight-loss treatment. Trying to reach that ideal body weight bears self-esteem on an individual, and self-esteem leads to depression. Experiences of weight-based teasing have been hypothesized as a mediating variable in the development and maintenance of overweight and obesity [ 50 ]. In short, when heavy children become heavy adults, they tend to earn less money and marry less often than their friends who are of average weight.

Self-Esteem & School Bullying

Schvey, C. The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for articles presenting information on the identification or prevention of psychiatric morbidity in childhood obesity. Teasing, depression and unhealthy weight control behaviour in obese children.

Effevts 1. This pattern can lead to decreased sensitivity of the body's natural hunger and satiety cues and an overreliance of contextual cues for eating [ 39 ]. A shift to weight-neutral outcomes has shown evidence of success in randomized control trials see Bacon and Aphramor [ 74 ] for a review. Lytle LA. Email will not be published required.

Further research through causal modeling or path analyses will help elucidate the relationships between the chilxhood childhood obesity effects on mental health up in this paper. Binge eating in obese children and adolescents. Stop the Focus on Weight Healthy lifestyle behaviours are important for the whole population regardless of weight status; weight is not a behaviour and therefore should not be an object of behaviour modification [ 71 ]. Secular trends in the body mass index of Canadian children. The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. Measured obesity: Overweight Canadian children and adolescents. Common Surgical Procedures.

Introduction

Many studies did report an association between ADHD and elevated weight status. Childhood obesity: a review of increased risk for physical and psychological comorbidities. Academic Editor: Devin Mann. Maziak, K.

  • From Insects or Animals. Faster increase in body mass index between ages 8 and 13 is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

  • Vaccine Preventable Diseases.

  • Family functioning : influencing role and extent of parental, family functioning, peer, educator, or societal-related factors in psychological consequences. Psychological functioning in adolescents with obesity co-morbidities.

  • This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

  • Percentages were used to describe categorical variables. Blackmore, and J.

Evans, and J. Balancing energy or calories consumed from foods and beverages with the calories effecgs through activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain. So while there is a level of confidence in the psychosocial factors, mediating variables and wellness factors presented in the model, the relationships between these variables are not clearly articulated through an examination of the literature. Story, C. Body mass index in young adulthood and cancer mortality: a retrospective cohort study. Puhl and C. Aust N Z J Psychiatry.

Quality of Life Research. Learning Disabilities. Common Surgical Procedures. In onn to triggering body dissatisfaction effects mental disordered eating, weight-based teasing has been linked to suicide attempts [ 23 ], implicated as a predictor of depressive symptoms [ 50 ], positively associated with anxiety, loneliness, social isolation, and parent reports of internalizing and externalizing behaviour problems [ 56 ] and experiences of shame [ 57 ] and negatively associated with physical activity [ 56 ]. In total, unique records were obtained from the searches, full-text articles were retrieved, and articles were included in the document.

Social Stigma

Wille et al Cgildhood lifestyle behaviours are important for the whole population regardless of weight status; weight is not a behaviour and therefore should not be an object of behaviour modification [ 71 ]. The Emotional Toll of Obesity. Study selection All publications presenting information on the identification or prevention of psychiatric morbidity in childhood obesity were included.

Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing. The portrayal of overweight in adolescent fiction. Perceived or true obesity: which causes more suffering in adolescents? An overview of psychosocial symptoms in obese children. Being younger, female, and with an increased perceived lack of control over eating seemed to heighten the psychosocial consequences. Email will not be published required. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy.

  • View at: Google Scholar L. It is the most recent review of this type and includes a broad range of studies involving numerous countries with varying methodologies.

  • On the contrary, negative views of obese children are even higher than 40 years ago [ 1047 ]. The prevalence of obesity and overweight among children has shown dramatic increases over the past 25 years [ 3 ].

  • Obesity and asthma: pathophysiology and implications for diagnosis and management in primary care. According to the Centers for Disease Control,

  • A study at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey found that obese girls ages 13 to 14 are four times more likely to experience low self-esteem than non-obese girls.

But in general, if your child is obese, he is more likely to have low self-esteem than his thinner peers. Body Image. Resilience in the face of potential trauma: clinical practices and illustrations. However, this relationship is not unidirectional; depression may be both a cause and a consequence of obesity [ 25 ].

Physical activity, quality of life, and weight status obesiry overweight children. A prospective study of loss of control eating for body weight gain in children at high risk for adult obesity. Health-related quality of life among children and adolescents: associations with obesity. Being teased about weight is predictive of binge eating among adolescents [ 54 ] and is cross-sectionally associated with higher levels of disordered eating [ 55 ]. Body mass index BMI for children and youth to Overeating among adolescents: prevalence and associations with weight-related characteristics and psychological health.

References

Childhood obesity effects on mental health Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. In a society that puts a premium on thinnessstudies show that children as young as 6 years may associate negative stereotypes with excess weight and believe that a heavy child is simply less likable. There are other obesity-related repercussions that continue well into adolescence and beyond.

  • Weight-Based Bullying Children and adolescents who are obese may also be the target of bullying from peers.

  • Abstract Childhood obesity is a growing concern, and while progress has been made to understand the association between multiple biological factors i.

  • The long-arm of adolescent weight status on later life depressive symptoms. Our research implies that childhood weight is an important determinant of subsequent adult mental health and therefore studies examining childhood obesity and lifetime MDD in populations where childhood obesity is more prevalent are warranted.

  • Curbing childhood obesity: A federal, provincial and territorial framework for action to promote healthy weights.

  • Weight science: evaluating the evidence for a paradigm shift.

However, as the findings childohod biologically plausible and for the most part confirmed by other studies, we assume the general direction of association to be true. J Pediatr Psychol. More related articles. Psychopathology and its effect on treatment compliance in pediatric obesity patients. PubMed Google Scholar Mol Cell Endocrinol. An additional 49 individuals were excluded due to missing values on late-life mental health, leaving participants for the main analyses.

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Emerging erfects on quality of life QOL is beginning to fill this gap. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. It can increase the risk of asthma, diabetes, sleep apnea, bone and joint problems, and high cholesterol. Log in Register. Similarly, teachers, attitudes towards weight, particularly towards obesity, may have harmful effects on children's emerging body image [ 54 ]. They could be the last one chosen when teams are selected in physical education classes.

  • Longitudinal study of Australian children Random assignment. Common Surgical Procedures.

  • In relation to obesity, much is known about healthy lifestyle i. Body mass index BMI for children and youth to

  • Preliminary search results Databases were searched between June 13 and 17,

  • Obesity stigma: important considerations for public health. Obesity: the role of child mental health services.

  • Mental health and psychosocial characteristics in adolescent obesity: a population-based case-control study.

  • Body satisfaction and body weight: gender differences and sociodemographic determinants.

Prevention of obesity and eating disorders: a consideration of shared risk factors. Discrimination There are other obesity-related repercussions that continue well into adolescence and beyond. Journal of Clinical Psychology. Quality of Life Research. Childhood obesity has big health effects.

Weight science: evaluating the evidence for a paradigm shift. Turn on more accessible mode. Some research suggests that they are less likely to be accepted for admission by a prestigious university. Abstract Childhood obesity is a growing concern, and while progress has been made to understand the association between multiple biological factors i. Public health policy in the area of childhood obesity needs to encourage healthy body image, advocate that healthy behaviours come in every shape and size, and consider weight bias and weight and shape concerns as fundamental. Richardson GE. A shift to weight-neutral outcomes has shown evidence of success in randomized control trials see Bacon and Aphramor [ 74 ] for a review.

1. Introduction

A systematic literature search of peer-reviewed, English-language studies published between January and January was undertaken and resulted xhildhood unique records, of which full-text articles were retrieved and articles were included. Click here to cancel reply. Email will not be published required. The direction of the relationship between mental health and obesity certainly remains unclear as most of the studies are cross-sectional e. Perry, and L.

  • Concordance and causes for discordance with the CIDI. Tips and Tools.

  • Quality of Life Research. Overweight, obesity, and health-related quality of life among adolescents: the national longitudinal study of adolescent health.

  • Revised 26 Apr Percentages were used to describe categorical variables.

  • Obese youths are not more likely to become depressed, but depressed youths are more likely to become obese. Academic Pediatrics.

Childhood obesity effects on mental health purpose of the present paper is to provide an overview of research linking mental health indices to obesity and to challenge the current notion that prevention should focus solely on nutrition, weight, and physical activity. Restraint theory [ 38 ] suggests that the constant restriction of food intake will eventually break down and result in disinhibited eating, like binge eating and emotional eating. Peer victimization as a predictor of depression and body mass index in obese and non-obese adolescents. Health-related quality of life among children and adolescents: associations with obesity. Perception of overweight and self-esteem during adolescence. Name required.

Obese children are more likely to become obese adults, too. A prospective study of the role of depression in the development and persistence of adolescent obesity. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. Map Pin John Smith Ste. The Journal of Strength-Based Interventions.

Self-Esteem & School Bullying

Tips and Tools. It can increase the risk of asthma, diabetes, sleep apnea, bone and obseity problems, and high cholesterol. In a society that puts a premium on thinnessstudies show that children as young as 6 years may associate negative stereotypes with excess weight and believe that a heavy child is simply less likable. Psychological Bulletin. Safety and Prevention.

A number of recent documents suggest that a public health response to childhood obesity should include mehtal across multiple sectors [ 7879 ]. Risk rises four times for children who are overweight or obese in both childhood and adulthood, according to a new study, CBS News reports. The Journal of Strength-Based Interventions. Common Surgical Procedures. Gender differences may reflect the Westernized cultural ideals of beauty in that thinness is the only culturally defined ideal for females, while males are encouraged to be both lean and muscular.

  • Future research needs well-designed prospective and hypothesis-driven longitudinal studies to further investigate specific areas with different populations and psychiatric and psychological outcomes. His weak self-esteem can translate into feelings of shame about his body, and his lack of self-confidence can lead to poorer academic performance at school.

  • The authors of the new study on childhood obesity and depression told CBS News that parents help their children achieve a healthier weight through eating healthy and being physically active.

  • Healthy lifestyle behaviours are important for ob whole population regardless of weight status; weight is not a behaviour and therefore should not be an object of behaviour modification [ 71 ]. For example, teasing about weight in childhood may be related to emotional suffering, but at this point the direction of the relationship remains untested empirically.

  • An overview of psychosocial symptoms in obese children. Traits associated with eating disorders appear to be common in adolescent obese populations, particularly for girls [ 42 ].

Arch Womens Ment Health. Erhart et al Puhl and Latner childhood obesity effects on mental health 49 ] completed a comprehensive literature review on childhood weight-based obssity and found that children demonstrate weight bias by associating obesity with a number of undesirable traits and preferring efvects associate with nonobese peers. Finally, this study could be subject to a selection bias those with poor health such as high obesity and depression may not survive up to age 75, or to increased rates of non-response, which may have caused an underestimation of the true associations. Research has consistently found that body satisfaction is higher in males than females at all ages [ 32 ]. Depression : 1 directional nature of sedentary behavior and onset of depression; 1978 2 moderating versus mediating roles of variables such as trait negative effect, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and low self-esteem and their influence on eating pathology. Graziano et al

Khalife et al The Reykjavik study is a cohort of men and women born between and that has been followed in Iceland since by the Icelandic Heart Association. Gadalla T, Piran N. Minus Related Pages. Article Google Scholar.

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More recently, Jansen et al. Body satisfaction and body weight: gender differences and sociodemographic determinants. The Journal of School Nursing. Many children will experience being teased or bullied, because of their excessive weight.

Notes: Refer to Table 6 for abbreviations and outcome measures. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Diagnosis of related psychological comorbidities was confirmed either through diagnostic or clinical interview in 6 studies 515 — 175364 or through specifically focused questionnaires in 24 studies. Psychosocial : 1 role of psychosocial factors and treatment interventions that target extremely OB individuals based on their BMI, and socio-demographic profiles; 2 eating patterns and the dynamic relationship between binge eating and BMI. Hannan, and S.

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Cornette RE. We conclude with a number of recommendations to childhood obesity effects the creation of solutions to the rise in childhood obesity rates that do not further marginalize overweight and obese children and youth and that can potentially improve the well-being of all children and youth regardless of their weight status. Indeed identifying the mechanisms that protect psychological well-being as well as targeting potential mediators to assess importance and relationships between mechanisms [ 13 ] is an important call to action for the research community. Eating disorder traits in obese children and adolescents. Without consideration of weight-related issues as socially constructed and maintained, intervention efforts will likely fall short because it seeks to foster change from within the system rather than transforming the system that created the problems in the first place [ 77 ].

Weight-related concerns and behaviors among overweight and nonoverweight adolescents: implications for preventing weight-related disorders. Stop the Focus on Weight Healthy lifestyle behaviours are important for the whole population regardless of weight status; weight is not a behaviour and therefore should not be an object of behaviour modification [ 71 ]. Looking good: family focus on appearance and the risk for eating disorders. Please review our privacy policy. Overweight is a BMI at or above the 85th percentile and below the 95th percentile for children and teens. Fat free schooling: the discursive production of ill-health.

Depression, Obesity, Eating Behavior, and Physical Activity

The focus on resiliency and wellness in research on childhood obesity is obezity its infancy. The long-arm of adolescent weight status on later life depressive symptoms. Sign Up. For continuous variables the population was described using means and standard deviations SD ; or medians and interquartile ranges for non-normally distributed variables.

  • OR for lifetime MDD 4. Self-perception of security and satisfaction, eg, appearance internal consistency.

  • Public Health Agency of Canada.

  • DeBraganza, A.

Mental health is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Perceived or true obesity: which causes more suffering in adolescents? Health-related quality of life of severely obese children and adolescents. In terms of mental health and wellness, this type of shift in paradigm could benefit all children and youth potentially for generations to come. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. Some psychosocial factors have been identified and studied; however, research usually examines each construct independently with little consideration for the relationship between excess weight and a broad range of psychosocial constructs concurrently [ 12 ].

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Binge eating in obese children and adolescents. Family Life. Recommendations to include weight bias awareness in the field of obesity, particularly obesity prevention efforts, have been largely ignored [ 75 ]. Eating-disordered behaviors, body fat, and psychopathology in overweight and normal-weight children. Childhood obesity has big health effects.

Peer victimization, psychosocial adjustment, and physical activity in overweight and at-risk-for-overweight youth. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in a provincial population obseity Canadian preschool children. Keyword combinations are listed in Table 1. While traditional methods to enhance the health and well-being of young people have utilized a problem-focused paradigm, a focus on QOL and resilience provides opportunity to view childhood obesity and overweight through a lens of positive mental health and development. Curbing childhood obesity: A federal, provincial and territorial framework for action to promote healthy weights.

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