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Gut microbiome obesity ppt – Gut Microbiota and Obesity

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Microbial influences on epithelial integrity and immune function as a basis for inflammatory diseases. Transplantation of fecal microbial communities. Download Gut Microbiota and Obesity. Related Articles Gut Microbiota and Obesity. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Why not share!

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  • Selective Probiotics May Promote Weight Gain Probiotics have been used in agriculture to promote the growth of farm animals. Why not share!

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As seen in animals, saturated fats have different effects on the gut microbiome; a changed microbiome following a feeding of unsaturated fats can protect against weight gain induced by saturated fat. Download with free trial. Erin DavisBiotechnology Engineer.

Diabetes June June ;57 6 Home Explore Login Signup. Metabolic endotoxemia initiates obesity and insulin resistance. No Downloads. Start on. Likes 2. And when obese people lose weight, their microbiota change accordingly.

Microbiome and obesity presentation. Your download should start automatically, if not click obesity 2014 to download. These strategies included dietary manipulation by using: plt. Between 1, and 1, bacterial species have potential to colonise the human gastro-intestinal GI tract, with each individual harbouring around different species 1. TLR4 links innate immunity and fatty acid—induced insulin resistance. Microbial influences on epithelial integrity and immune function as a basis for inflammatory diseases.

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Microbiome and obesity. And when obese people lose weight, their microbiota change accordingly. References 1. But while the genome is fixed and habits are hard to change, the microbiome is changeable 5. Like this presentation?

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  • A stool transplant, transplantation of fecal bacteria from a healthy individual into a recipient to restore healthy colonic microflora of the recipient.

  • Linking long-term dietary patterns with gut microbial enterotypes. Independently of diet, the gut microbiota is able to influence host inflammatory responses.

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  • The composition of the gut microbiota has received attention as an etiological factor in the development of obesity.

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Breast milk vs. Obesity ;18 1 The investigators considered the diet of these children as representative of a traditional African diet. Show related SlideShares at end. Nature ; Full Name Comment goes here.

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Nature 12 May; Related Articles Gut Microbiota and Obesity. The Journal of Clinical Investigation 11 November; 11 Your download should start automatically, if not click here to download. Fiaf plays a central role in triglyceride metabolism 10,

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Instant access to millions of ebooks, audiobooks, magazines, podcasts, and more. Downloads 0. Start on. Many bacteria produce butyrate, including the Eubacterium rectale—Clostridium coccoides group and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii 9.

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  • Microbial ecology: Human gut microbes associated with obesity.

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Transplantation of fecal microbial communities. Immunol Rev ; 1 Download with free trial. This glycoprotein inhibits lipoprotein lipase production in adipose tissue and modulates fatty acid oxidation in both adipocytes and skeletal muscle Erin DavisBiotechnology Engineer.

Metabolic endotoxemia initiates obesity and insulin resistance. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. You also get free access to Scribd! Start on.

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On Slideshare 0. Many bacteria produce butyrate, including the Eubacterium rectale—Clostridium coccoides group and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii 9. WordPress Shortcode. Cancel Save. Enterotypes of the human gut microbiome.

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Total views 25, Early differences in fecal microbiota composition may predict overweight. Synbiotics that combine prebiotics and probiotics support the survival of probiotic strains by providing them with prebiotic substrates for fermentation. Embed Size px. Be the first to comment Login to see the comments.

From embeds 0. Journal of Obesity ; Gut microbiota interactions with obesity, insulin resistance and type microbioje diabetes: did gut microbiote gut microbiome obesity ppt with insulin resistance? What is immunology? Between 1, and 1, bacterial species have potential to colonise the human gastro-intestinal GI tract, with each individual harbouring around different species 1. Instant access to millions of ebooks, audiobooks, magazines, podcasts, and more. No notes for slide.

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World J Gasterointest Pathophysiol. Microbial ecology: Human articles on obesity 2014 microbes associated with obesity. The human gut is a lush microbiomw ecosystem containing about trillion microorganisms, whose collective genome, the microbiome, contains fold more genes than the entire human genome. Breastfeeding played a determining role in the microbiome composition and in lowering the propensity to obesity in later life. Why not share!

Quantitative pt in intestinal Gut microbiome obesity ppt prausnitzii in obese Indian children. Download with free trial. Views Total views. This glycoprotein inhibits lipoprotein lipase production in adipose tissue and modulates fatty acid oxidation in both adipocytes and skeletal muscle No notes for slide. Linking long-term dietary patterns with gut microbial enterotypes. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website.

The ability to transfer the obese or lean phenotype to germ-free mice by means of the microbiome was further observed in a study gut microbiome obesity the microbiome of human female twins divergent in obesity. Science ; On Slideshare 0. Most studies on the effects of short-chain fatty acids on metabolism, including obesity, have been done with rodents and have often produced contradictory results. The impact of bacteriophages on probiotic bacteria and gut microbiota diversity. Fighting obesity by regulating the gut microbiome is of growing interest to researchers, commercial companies, and governments. The composition and activities of the microbiome are altered in obese individuals compared with their lean counterparts.

Why not share! Download Gut Microbiota and Obesity. TLR4 links innate immunity and fatty acid—induced insulin resistance. Comparative meta-analysis of the effect of Lactobacillus species on weight gain in humans and animals. Be the first to comment Login to see the comments.

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These strategies included dietary manipulation by using: 1. Impact of symbiotic food on the gut obesiy ecology and gut microbiome obesity ppt profiles. De Vos, Nutrition Review, 9. In this article, we summarize some of the studies that have advanced the understanding of the microbiome and its effects on metabolism, obesity, and health. Are you sure you want to Yes No.

Quantitative differences in intestinal Faecalibacterium prausnitzii in obese Indian children. Immunol Rev ; 1 Home Explore Login Signup. Nature ; And when obese people lose weight, their microbiota change accordingly.

The composition of the gut microbiota has received attention as an etiological factor in the development of obesity. Upcoming SlideShare. Start reading on Scribd. Download Gut Microbiota and Obesity. Microbiome and obesity 1.

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Diabetes November 01;59 11 Visibility Others can see my Clipboard. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Related Articles Gut Microbiota and Obesity.

Start on. Upcoming SlideShare. Nat Rev Endocrinol. The role of short chain fatty acids in appetite regulation and energy homeostasis.

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Many bacteria produce microbiomr, including the Eubacterium rectale—Clostridium coccoides group and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii 9. Like Liked. And when obese people lose weight, their microbiota change accordingly. Shares 0. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Human and animal intestines contain trillions of microbes, defined as the gut microbiome or microbiota.

It is sensitive to dietary changes and able to alter composition within hours in both animals and humans What is immunology? Be the first to comment Login to see the comments. The composition of the gut microbiota has received attention as an etiological factor in the development of obesity. Fiaf plays a central role in triglyceride metabolism 10, Gordon,The core gut microbiome, energy balance and obesity,J Physiol Diabetes November 01;59 11

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An important point was the fact that the responses varied, with some individuals unaffected by the artificial sweetener. Johnson, Pediatrics, Weinstock, Nature, 4. Three were nonresponders and remained glucose-tolerant after saccharine consumption, indicating differences in human metabolic responses to the artificial sweetener. A high-fat diet induced glucose intolerance in mice fed saccharine but not in control mice fed glucose.

Journal of Obesity ; Show related SlideShares at end. Downloads 0. Transplantation of fecal microbial communities. Diabetes ;56 7 Shares 0. Diabetes June June ;57 6

Propionate has obesity 2014 found to inhibit cholesterol synthesis and to inhibit the mirobiome of resistin, 3 an adipocyte-derived signaling polypeptide implicated in obesity-mediated insulin resistance. Prebiotic effects: metabolic and health benefits. Impact of diet in shaping gut microbiota revealed by a comparative study in children from Europe and rural Africa. Next Article. Artificial sweeteners consumed to combat weight gain may contribute to obesity by altering the microbiome and inducing metabolic changes associated with the metabolic syndrome.

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You can also access full issues of the Journal of Restorative Medicine here. Erin Davis. Lactobacillus acidophilus intake, as well as L. This glycoprotein inhibits lipoprotein lipase production in adipose tissue and modulates fatty acid oxidation in both adipocytes and skeletal muscle Like this presentation?

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  • Quantitative differences in intestinal Faecalibacterium prausnitzii in obese Indian children.

  • Diabetes ;56 7 But while the genome is fixed and habits are hard to change, the microbiome is changeable 5.

Instant access to millions of ebooks, pppt, magazines, podcasts, and more. A human gut microbial gene catalogue established by metagenomic sequencing. Johnson, Pediatrics, Weinstock, Nature, 4. Previous Article. De Vos, Nutrition Review, 9. The impact of bacteriophages on probiotic bacteria and gut microbiota diversity. An obesogenic microbiota may manipulate host gene function, leading to increased adiposity and inflammatory mechanisms resulting in metabolic endotoxemia and metabolic dysfunction.

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Furthermore, butyrate and propionate help regulate weight by stimulating but gut hormones, which promote a decrease in food intake. Abstract The gut microbiome consists of trillions of bacteria which play an important role in human metabolism. Studies with humans show that gut differences and diet affect the microbiome and energy balance. Roles of the gut in the metabolic syndrome: an overview. Therapeutic potential of fecal microbiota transplantation. Gordon,The core gut microbiome, energy balance and obesity,J Physiol Fiaf plays a central role in triglyceride metabolism 10,

The proposed methods by which the microbiome may contribute to obesity include increasing dietary energy harvest, promoting fat deposition, and triggering systemic inflammation. Human and animal intestines contain trillions of microbes, defined as the gut microbiome or microbiota. Antibiotic treatment that killed the microbiome prevented glucose intolerance. A greater understanding of the relationships among diet, age, sex, and the microbiome, including host—microbe and microbe—microbe interactions, as well as the modifying effects of specific prebiotics and probiotics, will be crucial in developing a remedy to help control obesity. Bacteria causing weight gain are thought to induce the expression of genes related to lipid and carbohydrate metabolism thereby leading to greater energy harvest from the diet.

  • It is sensitive to dietary changes and able to alter composition within hours in both animals and humans We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads.

  • The probiotic-treated males gained less weight than those on placebo. The proposed methods by which the microbiome may contribute to obesity include increasing dietary energy harvest, promoting fat deposition, and triggering systemic inflammation.

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  • Fermentation products include monosaccharaides and short-chain fatty acids that are absorbed into the circulation, stimulating synthesis of triglycerides in the liver and their incorporation into adipocytes or acting as regulatory molecules.

The longer an infant was obesity ppt, the lower the likelihood of later-life obesity. De Vos, Nutrition Review, lpt. Metabolic changes due to the altered microbiome in obesity include enhanced energy extraction from food, lipogenesis, and insulin resistance. Moschen, Gut and Liver, These studies suggest that using certain sugar substitutes to prevent obesity may potentially increase the risk of obesity in some people by altering the gut microbiome and inducing metabolic changes associated with obesity.

Upcoming SlideShare. Probiotic supplementation attenuates increase in body mass and fat mass during high fat diet in healthy adults. Three were nonresponders and remained glucose-tolerant after saccharine consumption, indicating differences in human metabolic responses to the artificial sweetener. Upcoming SlideShare.

Early differences in fecal microbiota composition may predict overweight. Diet dominates host genotype in shaping the murine gut microbiota. Clin Nutr. Like this presentation? Surg Clin North Am.

These strategies included dietary manipulation by using: 1. Visibility Others can see my Clipboard. Turnbaugh and Jeffrey I. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Successfully reported this slideshow. Register Log in.

The microbiome is largely responsible for the health of the host and varies with diet, host genotype, sex, and age. Show related SlideShares at end. Dietary manipulation of the microbiome to control obesity includes prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics that have been reported to reduce energy storage and lower inflammation and insulin resistance. Previous Article. Number of embeds 0. Turnbaugh and Jeffrey I.

And when obese people lose weight, their microbiota change accordingly. Transferring the microbiome from the conventional mice to the germ-free mice reversed the situation, increasing adiposity and insulin resistance. Richness of human gut microbiome correlates with metabolic markers. Total views

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Comments 0. Instant access to millions of ebooks, audiobooks, magazines, podcasts, and more. Embed Size px. Comments 0. Weight loss increased the proportion of Bacteroidetes over Firmicutes, regardless of diet type.

A gut microbiome obesity ppt gut microbial gene catalogue established by metagenomic sequencing. You just clipped your first slide! Independently of diet, the gut microbiota is able to influence host inflammatory responses. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Number of embeds 0. Shares 0.

From embeds 0. Microbiome and obesity. Visibility Microbioe can see my Clipboard. Three were nonresponders and ppt glucose-tolerant after saccharine consumption, indicating differences in human metabolic responses to the artificial sweetener. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Publication types Review. Fillippo et al.

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No notes for slide. Abstract The human gut is a lush microbial ecosystem containing about trillion microorganisms, whose collective genome, the microbiome, contains fold more genes than the entire human genome. Download with free trial. Roles of the gut in the metabolic syndrome: an overview.

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  • We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Microbial influences on epithelial integrity and immune function as a basis for inflammatory diseases.

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No Downloads. One rodent study showed similar weight gain after four weeks in rats infused with low dose LPS and rats fed a high-fat diet. Views Total views. Why not share! Suppression of tight junction proteins increases intestinal permeability Visibility Others can see my Clipboard. The bacterial components of Gram-negative bacteria, such as lipopolysaccharide LPStrigger innate immune responses in the host which can lead to weight gain 6.

See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. No notes for slide. A human gut microbial gene catalogue established by metagenomic sequencing. Visibility Others can see my Clipboard. But while the genome is fixed and habits are hard to change, the microbiome is changeable 5.

Gordon,The core gut microbiome, energy balance and obesity,J Physiol Are you sure you want to Yes No. Bitesize category Special Topics.

An obesogenic microbiota may manipulate host gene function, leading to increased adiposity and inflammatory mechanisms resulting in metabolic endotoxemia and metabolic dysfunction. References 1. Microbiome and obesity. Nutrition today, 51 4— Decreased fat storage by Lactobacillus paracasei is associated with increased levels of angiopoietin-like protein ANGPL4.

And when obese people lose weight, their microbiota change accordingly. Free access to premium services like TuneIn, Mubi, and more. Nature 12 May; Journal of Obesity ; Start on. Diabetes June June ;57 6 Like Liked.

Taking stool from responders before and after saccharine consumption and transferring it into germ-free mice resulted in a changed microbiome and glucose intolerance only in the mice given stool from the saccharine consumers, taken after saccharine consumption. These strategies gut microbiome obesity ppt dietary manipulation by using: 1. Diabetes June June ;57 6 Butyrate improves insulin sensitivity, has antiinflammatory potential, reduces mucosal inflammation, and strengthens the epithelial barrier against invasion and colonization of pathogens, an important function because the disruption of the ecological equilibrium in the gut i. The source of fat is important. The role of the microbiome in obesity was noted by observing that germ-free mice lacking a microbiome are leaner than conventionally bred mice. The composition and activities of the microbiome are altered in obese individuals compared with their lean counterparts.

If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Obesity ppt you sure you want to Yes No. Your download should start automatically, if not click here to download. This glycoprotein inhibits lipoprotein lipase production in adipose tissue and modulates fatty acid oxidation in both adipocytes and skeletal muscle

Erin DavisBiotechnology Engineer. Why not share! Prebiotic effects: metabolic and health benefits. Tilg H.

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  • Gut microbiome obesity nafld 1. Prebiotic reduces body fat and alters intestinal microbiota in children with overweight or obesity.

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A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prebiotic and synbiotic effects on glycemic, insulin concentration and lipid parameters in adult patients with overweight or obesity. Microbiome and obesity. Start on. You also get free access to Scribd!

Immunol Rev ; 1 No Downloads. WordPress Shortcode. Be the first to comment Login to see the comments. Br J Nutr ; 03 Number of embeds 0.

Diet-microbiota interactions as moderators of human microbiomee. Changes in diet and lifestyle that began with the introduction of agriculture and animal husbandry are thought to have given rise to alterations in the gut microbiome. Br J Nutr. Full Name Comment goes here. The proposed methods by which the microbiome may contribute to obesity include increasing dietary energy harvest, promoting fat deposition, and triggering systemic inflammation.

The normal gut microbiome micrbiome specific functions in gut microbiome obesity ppt metabolism, including immunity, maintenance of the intestinal barrier, and protection against pathogens. Floch MH. Effects of inulin-type fructans, galacto-oligosacchrides and related symbiotics on inflammatory markers in adult patients with overweight or obesity: a systematic review. Taking stool from responders before and after saccharine consumption and transferring it into germ-free mice resulted in a changed microbiome and glucose intolerance only in the mice given stool from the saccharine consumers, taken after saccharine consumption. Start on.

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See obeaity Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. J Clin Gastroenterol. Show More. As seen in animals, ppt fats have different effects on the gut microbiome; a changed microbiome following a feeding of unsaturated fats can protect against weight gain induced by saturated fat. Gut microbiota, diet and obesity related disorders-the good, the bad, and the future challenges.

You also get free access to Scribd! Downloads 0. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The bacterial components of Gram-negative bacteria, such as lipopolysaccharide LPStrigger innate immune responses in the host which can lead to weight gain 6.

It is sensitive to dietary changes and able to alter composition within hours in both animals and humans Full Name Comment goes here. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Shares 0.

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Nature 12 May; TLR4 links innate immunity and fatty acid—induced insulin resistance. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Related Articles Gut Microbiota and Obesity. From embeds 0. Turnbaugh and Jeffrey I. Home Explore Login Signup.

Instant access to millions of ebooks, audiobooks, magazines, podcasts, and more. Upcoming SlideShare. Download Gut Microbiota and Obesity. Fiaf plays a central role in triglyceride metabolism 10, Diabetes November 01;59 11 Full Name Comment goes here. Turnbaugh and Jeffrey I.

Nicrobiome Save. Microbial ecology: human gut microbes associated with obesity. Related Articles Gut Microbiota and Obesity. Roles of the gut in the metabolic syndrome: an overview. Free access to premium services like TuneIn, Mubi, and more. Energy-balance studies reveal associations between gut microbes, calorie load, and nutrient absorption in humans. Publication types Review.

Butyrate improves insulin sensitivity, has antiinflammatory potential, reduces mucosal inflammation, and strengthens the epithelial barrier against invasion and colonization of pathogens, an important function because the disruption of the ecological equilibrium in the gut i. References 1. The probiotic-treated males gained less weight than those on placebo. Free access to premium services like TuneIn, Mubi, and more. Moschen, Gut and Liver,

Microbiome and obesity 1. The composition of the gut microbiota has received attention as an etiological factor in the development of obesity. Prebiotic effects: metabolic and health guh. Fermentation products include monosaccharaides and short-chain fatty acids that are absorbed into the circulation, stimulating synthesis of triglycerides in the liver and their incorporation into adipocytes or acting as regulatory molecules. Artificial sweeteners consumed to combat weight gain may contribute to obesity by altering the microbiome and inducing metabolic changes associated with the metabolic syndrome.

Obesity ppt gut microbial ecology. An important point was the fact that the responses varied, with some individuals unaffected by the artificial sweetener. Both the content of the diet and its caloric value are critical. A stool transplant, transplantation of fecal bacteria from a healthy individual into a recipient to restore healthy colonic microflora of the recipient. Suppression of tight junction proteins increases intestinal permeability Actions Shares. Propionate has been found to inhibit cholesterol synthesis and to inhibit the expression of resistin, 3 an adipocyte-derived signaling polypeptide implicated in obesity-mediated insulin resistance.

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