Obesity

House of commons health select committee report on obesity 2004: Introduction: Contesting Obesity Discourse and Presenting an Alternative

Because children cannot make sensible food choices in the way that adults can — they are victims of options offered to them by schools and the food industry, and easily duped into eating whatever tastes good, rather than what is good for them. It is now more than ten years since Sustain first called upon the industry to show social responsibility in its food promotion to children [3], a call which has recently been repeated by the Food Standards Agency FSA [4] and the Chief Medical Officer [5].

On radio, the message is broadcast immediately after the advertisement. Law to control food advertising to children The most commuttee contested area of legal intervention in obesity control in the United Kingdom is the proposal to prohibit the advertising of unhealthy foods that is targeted at children. The Minister for Public Health agreed, ' Pieterman, R. Advertisers argue that they do not make fraudulent claims about products.

  • With reference to children, this type of argument can be manipulated to portray children as responsible consumers. Spoel, P.

  • Risk factors include undiagnosed and untreated depression, alcohol or substance abuse, family history, previous suicide attempt. Sign up to our newsletter.

  • Prohibitions on the repetition of advertisements are also pertinent the cartoon shown below attempts to illustrate how children can be influenced by repetition and depictions of what is normal behaviour. Habitual Anger-Coping Styles: I.

  • Health promotion plan Essay

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There are two conclusions that the government could draw from this. In nursing practice, health promotion exists through education to facilitate inhabitants to create choices to keep them in good physical shape. Internal factors affecting health can be emotional, intellectual, spiritual and psychosocial.

To outlaw an activity is Presenting an alternative perspective is the obesity challenge we tackle throughout this book. Child choice of food does not necessarily result in healthier eating. The rationale behind this perspective is that when it comes to food, it is not what, but how much is eaten. Rogers, W. Popular characters and personalities generally cannot be used to endorse a commercial product or service during the periods in which C and P programs are broadcast. Obesity measures will need to target the child food culture as well as the adult food culture.

National concern about the quality of school meals has been led by the 'Naked Chef' Jamie Oliver and his Feed me Better campaign, forcing the government reoprt address the issue of school food. Health Education Research. They can be enjoyed as part of a balanced diet and lifestyle. Policy needs the support of law. Essentially, this work can be divided into two types of critique. We also use our licensed characters to help promote active lifestyles. Cogan, J.

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English government still favours a voluntary approach [ ]: We know that busy consumers want a single clear system to help them inform themselves about the food they are buying in the shops. The Coalition on Food Advertising to Children concluded in The current Australian exemption for certain fresh foods from GST can be cited to illustrate this point; there is no proof this concessional treatment of some foods has influenced consumer choice radically. The efficiency losses of reducing food consumption by low-risk individuals could outweigh the efficiency gains of reducing food consumption of obese individuals.

Sociology of Health and Illness 31 1 : 51— This is reflected in the question of whether the negative results of individual choices—for example in smoking, consuming alcohol or eating junk foods— should consequently be regarded as an individual or collective problem. Wright The Sociological Imagination. Riley, S.

Long working hours have implications for food preparation and family eating patterns, which in turn have consequences for childhood obesity [ 79 ]. They can be enjoyed as part of a balanced diet and lifestyle. People, including children, can then make informed decisions about whether to purchase those products. The reports recognise that self regulation has not proved sufficient, particularly in reducing the volume of food and drink marketing to children or in minimizing the effects of marketing. The first group of studies examines advertising at the micro level by considering the ways in which it seeks to persuade or manipulate consumers. In the long awaited public health white paper, Choosing Health: Making healthy choices easier [ 67 ], published shortly after the Select Committee Report, obesity was identified as one of six government health priorities. Advergames are advertiser-sponsored video games which embed brand messages in colourful, fun, fast-paced adventures which are created by companies for the explicit purpose of promoting their brands.

It hardly needs to be pointed out that a single, short-term study, undertaken a generation ago, on a small group of children on the other side of the world, from a different social and cultural background, in a pre-Internet media environment, is hardly a robust evidence base for major public policy changes in Australia today. Children can be invited to play a computer game on a brand website and then be exposed to advertising. American Journal of Public Health 86 5 : — The ACE study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of preventive health interventions, to note that a large impact on population health could be achieved with a limited number of interventions such as the ten per cent tax and restricting the amount of salt in three basic food items bread, cereals and margarine. Journal of Health Psychology 9 4 : — Department of Health; 16 November

References

Law to regulate food labeling The Food Safety Act makes it an offence to sell food that is injurious to health. Sociology of Health and Illness — Beckett, L. While the EU has not been particularly active in the field of public health as such, it has been active in prescribing regulation of the content and source of food products, and has legislated on issues such as the physical environment and the free movement of goods and health personnel within Europe, all of which might have implications for obesity [ 22 ].

  • There was a strong response from the food industry, which argued that restrictions based on nutrient profiling are wrong in principle as a regulatory tool.

  • Essay about Health assessment

  • These requirements have now been extended to the content of school vending machines [ 95 ], although it cimmittee recognised that this will result in considerable losses in funding to schools [ 96 ]. A classical liberal interpretation of obesity would surely be that over-eating and low levels of physical activity are private behaviours which, at worst, result in harm to the obese person themselves.

  • Those who live in the most deprived areas of New Zealand have higher rates of suicide and hospitalisation for suicide attempts than those living in the least deprived areas. Join the Children's Food Campaign email list.

  • Because children cannot make sensible food choices in the way that adults can — they are victims of options offered to them by schools and the food industry, and easily duped into eating whatever tastes good, rather than what is good for them.

House of Commons Select Committee on Health. Health promotion plan Essay Transport for London declares junk food ad ban a success as revenues announced. Campos P. Obesity: a health farm. Sign Up. Action on Sugar.

In part two this essay will hosue the models of health which are medical model, social model and the Bio-psych-social and about health promotion and the agencies involved with health promotion. It is now more than ten years since Sustain first called upon the industry to show social responsibility in its food promotion to children [3], a call which has recently been repeated by the Food Standards Agency FSA [4] and the Chief Medical Officer [5]. Transport for London declares junk food ad ban a success as revenues announced. How to explain this?

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Campos P. References 1. Essay about Health assessment

The influence of advertising on magazines reached a point where editors began selecting articles not only on the basis of their expected interest for readers but for their influence on advertisements. People need to want to change their lifestyles and take responsibility for their health' [ 74 ]. Grantham, Grantham Book Services; Cooper, C. Long hours mean that parents may not be home to eat with their families, and that there is less time for food preparation. They are questions of individual lifestyle

Food is a necessity good, and its consumption only results in obesity in some situations. In this context, obesity became a public health problem: Health is inexplicably linked to the way people live their lives and the opportunities available to choose health in the communities where they live [ 68 ]. The Guardian; Published online Oct Pester power in action.

  • In marketing to children, advertisers have encouraged the phenomenon of what has been labelled pester power. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page.

  • The plan included commitments to: consider adding milk drinks to the tax on sugar content consult on ending the sale of energy drinks to children, on introducing a 9pm watershed for junk food advertising, on introducing calorie labelling on menus, and on ending price promotions. Taylor J.

  • Those persons aged between five and 17 years. Brown, L.

  • Davis ed. Self regulation operates as a third alternative to the more intrusive government regulation and to no regulation at all, and usually consists of a voluntary association of organizations with the objective of controlling their collective action [ 14 ].

  • Studies on this topic are given as examples and are as cited in J McGinnis, J Appleton Gootman and V Kraak, eds, Food marketing to children and youth: threat or opportunity?

Seelect foods are harmful in moderation and regulation would demonise some foods as unhealthy [ ]. Considerable research has been conducted in Australia which complements that undertaken overseas. He added that those who did not like the content of any advertising on television should simply switch it off. Newer forms of advertising, such as product placement and Internet advertising, had substituted for down turns in television promotion.

To arrive at the top five onesity articles we use a word-weighted algorithm to compare words from the Title and Abstract of each citation. THe different dimensions physical, mental, social, sexual, spiritual, emotional. It is known, even to the inhabitants of the strange world of the Commons Health Select Committee, that a major problem with official campaigns designed to exhort people to eat less and walk more is that They Do Not Work. Kline AM. PMID: Critics felt the plan lacked detail and vision.

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Policy needs the support of law. While the EU has not been particularly active in the field of public health as such, it has been active in prescribing regulation of the content and source of food products, and has legislated on issues such as the physical environment and the free movement of goods and health personnel within Europe, all of which might have implications for obesity [ 22 ]. The problem is that, with the exception of stopping smoking, the evidence that any other lifestyle change has a significant effect on health is poor. Embodied Practices: Feminist Perspectives on the Body.

  • Public complaints take time to be heard and require a high burden of proof because of the lack of definitions and the possibility of different interpretations.

  • Take this statement, for example:.

  • Press and Politics 9: 56—

  • Antipode 41 5 : — International Journal of Epidemiology 81—

  • Considerable research has been conducted in Australia which complements that undertaken overseas.

These include the wearing of seatbelts and imposing smoke free public environments. Cambridge: Polity Press. See the relevant excerpt from the strategy below:. Children and youth represent a primary focus of food and beverage marketing initiatives. In a recent working paper for the Productivity Commission, Jacqueline Crowle and Erin Turner also agree that research suggests that the link between television viewing and childhood obesity is tenuous. To be obese in contemporary England is to be an object of public scrutiny and increasingly, an object of public condemnation on the assumption that obesity is an issue of self-control. Prohibitions on the repetition of advertisements are also pertinent the cartoon shown below attempts to illustrate how children can be influenced by repetition and depictions of what is normal behaviour.

How to explain this? Obesity and gross insults British politicians think that we are powerless to resist the temptations of convenience food. Health promotion is an essential part of providing health information to enable people to improve their control over and improve their health Who, Health is holistic and include different dimensions, holistic health means taking account of the separate influences and interaction of these dimensions.

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They provide fun and enjoyment as treats or refreshment, and are valued for their functional benefits. In other words, according to this view, people of all ages are able to form opinions about the merits of products advertised and make decisions, which they calculate are in their best interests, in relation to what they consume. This is defined in the code as a main meal and a beverage.

Another major risk factor psychologists have recognised for some time that a person's occupation shows a significant role. Now obesity calls forth the metaphors of impending catastrophe. Share Get updates. Or and more likely it could take the route advocated by the health committee, and embark on a concerted campaign to undermine decision-making and choice, in the name of our own good.

The data must be wrong, says the Health Committee. Sustain: The alliance comons better food and farming advocates food and agricultural policies and practices that enhance the health and welfare of people and animals, improve the working and living environment, enrich society and culture and promote equity. Physical inactivity and obesity are risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, Type 2 diabetes, and some forms of cancer. Beliefs regarding the consequences of obesity and ideal weight: an instrument development study. Eur Heart J30 1501 Aug The perception of health differs from one and another.

Cited by: 0 articles PMID: Tags Obesity. Please upgrade your browser. Copyright and License information Disclaimer. How to explain this?

New York: Doubleday. Although there is insufficient evidence on the relationship between cold climate and obesity [ 51 ], there is evidence to suggest that seasonal affective commkns and related depression, more common in northern climates [ 52 ], is relevant to binge eating [ 5354 ]. Aust New Zealand Health Policy. At a time when they are generally held in low regard in society, and traditional forms of political activity are moribund, they are desperate to find some points of connection with a remote and atomised electorate. In the long awaited public health white paper, Choosing Health: Making healthy choices easier [ 67 ], published shortly after the Select Committee Report, obesity was identified as one of six government health priorities.

Journal of Health Economics. China Daily,10 March ; Hong Kong fat fears. Off full text. The Coalition on Food Advertising to Children concluded in Children and youth represent a primary focus of food and beverage marketing initiatives. Press and Politics 9: 56— The avoidance of cost to broadcasters should not be "balanced" against the public interest of children's health.

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Then we define health in a multidimensional way. It affects commiytee most frequently among those aged years. In part two this essay will discuss the models of health which are medical model, social model and the Bio-psych-social and about health promotion and the agencies involved with health promotion. Javascript is required to use a number of the features of the Sustain website. Sustain: The alliance for better food and farming advocates food and agricultural policies and practices that enhance the health and welfare of people and animals, improve the working and living environment, enrich society and culture and promote equity.

Sociology Hokse 1 1 : — The TimesDecember 7. In: Martin R, Coker R, editor. However, this approach may be modified in the future, as a result of a number of factors. State school catering arrangements allow children to eat snack foods and foods high in fat, salt and sugar, and much of the food served in school canteens is fast food [ 45 ]. Seid, P. WHO recommends that in the context of food marketing, self regulation operate in a legal framework in which there are incentives for compliance, especially where children's health is at risk [ 15 ].

Belfast Telegraph. The Minister for Public Health agreed, ' Research demonstrates a link between breastfeeding and prevention of childhood obesity [ 4647 ]. This is not to imply that advertising is conmittee sole influence; factors such as a fundamentally sedentary lifestyle combined with lack of intentional participation in physical activities, such as playing sportpeer influences and income also are important contributing factors. Journal of the American Dietetics Association 6 : — If, for example, obesity is a medical problem then responsibility for reducing obesity levels will lie with the organisation of medical services, and the role of law will be limited.

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Davey Smith, G. Replrt are others, such as the monopoly of major supermarket chains on food retailing, agricultural policies with the potential to distort the pricing of fresh foodstuffs, the crowded physical environment of English cities and traffic policies which favour vehicle over pedestrian and bicycle use. The thrust of this paper was that obesity was a medical problem, and as such the responsibility for obesity lay with the NHS and its healthcare services.

National concern about the quality of school meals has been led by the 'Naked Chef' Jamie Oliver and his Feed me Better campaign, forcing the government to address the issue of school food. Kunkel et al. Introduction The World Health Organization WHO has labelled childhood obesity as one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21 st century. From HFSS foods will be banned from all children's channels. The TimesDecember 7. The efficiency losses of reducing food consumption by low-risk individuals could outweigh the efficiency gains of reducing food consumption of obese individuals. What have other countries done about junk food advertising?

Some further examples are noted in Box 2 below. And Therefore Good for Your Health? Green, J. References 1. Jutel, A. Sociological Forum 53—

When preparing a meal from scratch, a consumer will have full control over how much fat, sugar and other ingredients are put into the dish, control over what quantity to make, and over the portion size that is served. By focusing on children, the health committee manages to circumvent the obvious objection that adults should be seen as capable to make choices for themselves about what they eat. Eur Heart J30 1501 Aug Children's Food Campaign : Better food and food teaching for children in schools, and protection of children from junk food marketing are the aims of Sustain's high-profile Children's Food Campaign.

Similar Articles To arrive at the top five similar articles we use a word-weighted algorithm to compare words from the Title and Abstract of each citation. The patient cokmittee is more complex and the focus includes family and community. By focusing on children, the health committee manages to circumvent the obvious objection that adults should be seen as capable to make choices for themselves about what they eat. By using the site you are agreeing to this as outlined in our privacy notice and cookie policy. When preparing a meal from scratch, a consumer will have full control over how much fat, sugar and other ingredients are put into the dish, control over what quantity to make, and over the portion size that is served.

  • London: Routledge;

  • Abstract No abstract provided.

  • Magnusson R. There is evidence that advertising unhealthy foods to children influences not only which brands [children] choose, but the overall balance of their diet, encouraging them to eat energy-dense salty, sugary or fatty foods in place of those which are more nutritious and wholesome.

  • The causes of obesity are also more murky than the health committee would have us believe. The causes of obesity are also more murky than the health committee would have us believe.

  • Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan. Can we choose to ride our bicycles to work where there are no bicycle paths and the traffic is dangerous?

Forgotten your password? Only spiked supporters, who donate regularly to us, can comment on our articles. Robinson W. House of Commons Health Committee. THe different dimensions physical, mental, social, sexual, spiritual, emotional.

Health is a state of complete, mental, physical as well as social well-being Who, In the latter case, please turn ot Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. Based on figures from the Government Health Surveythe International Obesity Task Force IOTF estimates that at current trendsadditional children will become overweight andwill become obese over a three year period. England has witnessed the fastest growth in obesity in Europe and childhood obesity has tripled in 20 years.

Vaz, P. In Europe, as in North America [ 4 ] and Australia [ 5 ], it is now becoming increasingly clear that socio-demographic and behavioural factors are also significant risk indicators for obesity. We also use our licensed characters to help promote active lifestyles.

No doubt, many senior doctors share the prejudices of the political establishment against the lower orders and are keen to suggest ways in which their hedonistic lifestyles might be regulated. Sustain: The alliance for better food and farming advocates food and agricultural policies and practices that enhance the health and welfare of people and animals, improve the working and living environment, enrich society and culture and promote equity. When preparing a meal from scratch, a consumer will have full control over how much fat, sugar and other ingredients are put into the dish, control over what quantity to make, and over the portion size that is served. Please define the following: Health

READ TOO: Ta 65 Supplement Risks Of Obesity

House of Commons Health Healty. Podcast Finding freedom in an age of chaos spiked. Log in to your account. What people eat, after all, is a matter of their choice — and if they choose to eat fattening, convenience foods, or to drive their cars instead of donning a cycle helmet, there is very little the government of a democratic consumer society can do about it. Health promotion has got to be bigger for example, there are links You can unsubscribe at any time.

Note: there are a number of terms used to obesity 2004 to foods high in sugars, salts and fats; for example, in Britain these are referred to as HFFS foods. State school catering arrangements allow children to eat snack foods and foods high in fat, salt and sugar, and much of the food served in school canteens is fast food [ 45 ]. Free full text. The code specifically restricts the use of puppets and subliminal messages which may encourage children to purchase products. London: Prentice Hall Press. So advertisers generate systems of meaning, prestige and identity by associating their products with certain life-styles, symbolic values and pleasures. One advertiser claims this is not as difficult as it would seem:.

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Government policy has begun to recognise that voluntary guidelines and choice are not always the answer. Pester power. London: Routledge, pp. This has had two consequences. Epidemiologic Reviews 92—

But why should doctors be so keen to get involved in obesity jouse Internal factors affecting health can be emotional, intellectual, spiritual and psychosocial. HMSO; However, in spite of the overwhelming support from parents [6] and national organisations [7], industry has resisted the need to change their exploitative and unhealthy marketing to children.

External link. Social Determinants of Health: the solid facts. American Journal of Public Health 86 5 : — Davis ed. Advertising regulation and voluntary codes. The Directive was then implemented in the United Kingdom, but subject to the right of workers to agree to opt out of the maximum working week.

Health Promotion Essay While suicide disproportionally affects young adults, approximately 80 percent of suicides now occur in the 25 years and over age group Beautrais et al Sign In. Only spiked supporters, who donate regularly to us, can comment on our articles.

Sustain advocates food and agriculture policies and practices that enhance the health and welfare of people and animals, jouse the working and living environment, promote equity and enrich society and culture. Perhaps more significantly, leading doctors have recognised that current treatments for common conditions, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes rport cancer, are not very effective and, having lost confidence in scientific medicine, believe that they must turn their efforts to changing individual behaviour in the cause of improving health. Please enable Javascript in your web browser! Sign up to our newsletter. Recent history Saved searches. It is now more than ten years since Sustain first called upon the industry to show social responsibility in its food promotion to children [3], a call which has recently been repeated by the Food Standards Agency FSA [4] and the Chief Medical Officer [5]. Any relationship between weight and diabetes, heart failure, cancer and other grisly diseases, which is presented by the document as proven, direct and inevitable, is in reality a highly complex correlation.

Cited by: 0 articles PMID: Gard, M. PMID: In addition, Access Economics comments in relation to a variation on the fat tax theme, that there is no evidence introducing tax concessions for healthy foods may be any more desirable than taxing junk foods. Advertising regulation and voluntary codes Source: FreeTV [] Policy stances Coalition In NovemberAustralian Health Ministers concluded that overweight and obesity were significant public health problems that required an Australia-wide response.

This website requires cookies, and the limited processing of your personal data in order to function. Hold on, we're working on your request If people define health bio-medically, as the absence of disease, we will promote health by attempting to prevent disease or to help cure disease. Health promotion has got to be bigger for example, there are links Historically, nurse educators have taught patients how

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Forgotten your obrsity Javascript is required to use a number of the features of the Sustain website. The Body Mass Index BMIby which obesity levels are commonly measured, is acknowledged by many to be crude, imprecise, and, when taken on its own as a measure of health and wellbeing, meaningless.

To fight a war against our own, healthier-than-ever bodies, and those of our beautiful children. People eating out in a restaurant are even less likely to be aware of the fat or calorie levels of the meal they have ordered. Join the Children's Food Campaign email list. Only spiked supporters, who donate regularly to us, can comment on our articles.

Newmak-Sztainer D. ENW EndNote. Thow et al argue that while taxes have worked relatively well in lowering tobacco consumption, because food involves complicated choices, such as the one noted in the paragraph above, taxes may in fact not be effective options in controlling obesity. The consumption of alcohol in England is higher than anywhere else in Europe [ 56 ]. Ofcom therefore considered it appropriate to maintain the current restrictions, but not to extend them. Carlsbad, CA: Gurze Books.

Perhaps more significantly, leading doctors have recognised that current treatments for common conditions, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer, are not very effective and, having lost confidence in scientific medicine, believe that they must turn their healtth to changing individual behaviour in the cause of improving health. The solutions proposed by the document are even less persuasive. Critics argue that the definition of health is utopian, inflexible and unrealistic. Suicide rates have tended to be remarkably high in professions that provide easy access to lethal drugs and poisons among medical practitioners, guns or open water, such as in military, farming and maritime careers. But we should appreciate just how insulting and demeaning this image is.

This review found that the restrictions had:. Our problems are not, strictly speaking, public health questions at all. In opposition, other research has supported the argument that junk food can be part of a balanced diet and that it should be the responsibility of individuals, including children, to make decisions about what they consume. The code defines children as persons aged under 18 years. It hardly needs to be pointed out that a single, short-term study, undertaken a generation ago, on a small group of children on the other side of the world, from a different social and cultural background, in a pre-Internet media environment, is hardly a robust evidence base for major public policy changes in Australia today. In marketing to children, advertisers have encouraged the phenomenon of what has been labelled pester power. Download preview PDF.

  • Some of the industry arguments which support continuing junk food advertising and public health responses to those arguments can be seen in the table included in this section.

  • Health Promotion Questions and Answers Essay Because children cannot make sensible food choices in the way that adults can — they are victims of options offered to them by schools and the food industry, and easily duped into eating whatever tastes good, rather than what is good for them.

  • London: MIT Press. Harvey, J.

  • Cambridge, Cambridge University Press; London: Polity Press.

  • The European Commission document Protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding in Europe: a blueprint for action [ 86 ] recommends the use of national legislation to support breastfeeding. EU regulation has worked both for and against public health.

  • Given how little is established about the causes and consequences of childhood obesity even compared to adult obesity, it is striking that the health committee focuses so heavily on children. While suicide disproportionally affects young adults, approximately 80 percent of suicides now occur in the 25 years and over age group Beautrais et al

Belfast Telegraph. Children who are overweight or obese are likely to grow into obese adults who risk developing a number of chronic non-communicable ailments, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In recent decades there has been a marked increase in spending on food marketing. Norway banned television advertisements to children aged 12 years and younger in However, this approach may be modified in the future, as a result of a number of factors. Children must acquire two key information-processing skills in order to achieve mature comprehension of advertising messages.

Want to join the conversation? Abstract No abstract provided. Today we have chapter 2, which we can probably score as a C'. Mike Fitzpatrick. There will be many more blind people.

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