Obesity

Prevalence of obesity in saudi arabia 2015 – Obesity and public health in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Optimal vitamin D status: a critical analysis on the basis of evidence-based medicine. Gautam S, Jeong HS.

A national survey categorized the obesity prevalence among different regions prevalehce the country, with the highest two regions being Hail Saud J Gastroenterol ; Two nutritionists and one research professional independently conducted the forward translation, and the backward translation was done separately by two professional translators. We found Brischiliari, T. In our study, the highest obesity region was the Eastern Region

  • Analysis of data from the National Nutrition Survey. Must A, Anderson SE.

  • Acta Paediatr Suppl ; Bull World Health Organ.

  • Revised 03 Feb The national-level study in indicated a prevalence of

  • Show detailed source information? O et al.

Journal and Issue

Northern Borders. In terms of describing the current status of obesity association with health conditions, this study investigated the associations between obesity and various diagnosed conditions. Thus, smoking was not significantly associated with obesity and risk of obesity decreased nonsignificantly from nonsmokers to smokers.

Inthe obesity prevalence in Saudi Arabia amounted to 35 percent in the adult population, showing an increase compared to XLS format. Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study Obese children were at 1. Saudi Medical Journal, - WHO reference It is due to become mandatory in

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Figure 1: Prevalence of overweight and obesity based on age group Click here to view. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. The data was also collected on smoking habits, weight and height to calculate BMIhistory of diabetes or cancer in the family, daily physical activity, hours spent watching television or online chatting and texting and the sleeping habits of students. At least 2. Memish Z. All the procedures of the study were fully explained to the potential participants, and they were assured that participation was voluntary and that they could refuse or quit at any time from study without their medical care being affected. In this study we decided to study obesity in every age group and gender in Hail region of Saudi Arabia.

Saleh A. Zbikowski, L. After obtaining consent to participate, the interviewer assessed the eligibility, based on the above-mentioned quota completion criteria. Effects of obesity on morbidity in children and adolescents.

MeSH terms

Multivariate regression analysis was performed to determine factors associated with overweight or obesity. Int J Epidemiol ; A paid subscription is required for full access.

In addition, further studies should focus on a quantitative measurement of the risk factors and assessing the impact on health consequences. Association between school-level attributes and weight status of Ghanaian primary school children. Children were weighed using a standard beam balance. IOTF Cut off. Acta Biomed.

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A comparison of measured versus self-reported anthropometrics for assessing obesity in pevalence A literature review. Lombardi, E. In addition to adult obesity, child obesity is a major problem in many developing countries. Socioeconomic factors influence the occurrence of overweight and obesity in a given population. In, addition, this study explored the current association between obesity and various health conditions. GCC8 international conference of Medical students.

Adv Pediatr Res ;4. Acta Paediatr Suppl ; Int J Obes ; Influence of socio-economic status on habitual physical activity and sedentary behavior in 8- to year old children. However, other countries reported higher prevalence compared to our study. Children were weighed using a standard beam balance.

The global prevalence of obesity is increasing. The reproducibility of measures and the precision of this device have been demonstrated. Support Center Support Center. Information prevalence of obesity in saudi arabia 2015 education, occupational status, and net prdvalence income is used to measure the socioeconomic status; the same methodology was followed in our study to reveal socioeconomic differences affecting the occurrence and prevalence of overweight and obesity [ 14 ]. Articles in the same Issue Frontmatter. Changes in the world food system have involved developing countries in a nutritional transition characterized by westernized diet and an increasingly sedentary lifestyle [ 7 ].

BioMed Research International

Industry-specific and extensively researched technical data partially from exclusive partnerships. Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; Insufficient physical activity Adults, Association between school-level attributes and weight status of Ghanaian primary school children. Log in.

Malik M, Bakir A. Differential prevalence and associations prevaleence overweight and obesity by gender and population group among school learners in South Africa: a cross-sectional study. Citizens also have the choice to have private health insurance schemes to enter the private healthcare system. Box Jeddah Email: as. Saudi Arabia has a national health care system that is provided and financed by the Ministry of Health.

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Prevalencf, C. However, there are many new regulations that happened in the last decade that may contribute to a future decrease in obesity. Prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity amongst Saudi school children, a study done by using three noninvasive methods. Effects of obesity on morbidity in children and adolescents. WHO AnthroPlus version.

It passed from 1. WHO AnthroPlus version. A national survey categorized the obesity prevalence among different regions of the country, with the highest two regions being Hail Jayawardena, N.

Articles in the same Issue

The link between VDD and obesity can be explained by sequestration of vitamin D within ptevalence tissue 47in addition to lack of sun exposure due 2015 sedentary lifestyle and to very hot weather not encouraging outdoor activities High prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and its association with BMI-for-age among primary school children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol ; Influence of socio-economic status on habitual physical activity and sedentary behavior in 8- to year old children. Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think.

  • Roskam et al. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

  • Table 2 shows the distribution of the level of serum vitamin D according to different BMI categories. Download this information as a PDF.

  • General Authority of Statistics Census Report.

  • Bahaa A.

  • In fact percentage of the underweight female children was higher than the percentage of obese Obesity, physical activity and sedentary behavior amongst British and Saudi youth: A cross-cultural study.

Table 1: General characteristics of the students Click here to view. Misra A, Khurana L. Table 2. Learn More. The main strength of this study is the large sample size; hence, the findings can be generalized to represent the status of overweight and obesity among school children in Saudi Arabia. Gov't Review. WHO Infobase.

In addition Zhao, and G. Micha R. This study provides an update on the recent prevalence of obesity in Saudi Arabia. Figure 2.

Associated Data

Caldarone et al. Table 2: Comparison of overweight group versus normal body mass index group Click here to view. Data analysis of our adult subjects showed 9. Acta Paediatr Suppl ; This rapid rise of obesity is a cause for concern for Saudi officials.

Correspondence Address : Dr. Geneva: World Health Organization; Find out more: www. KSA National strategy for diet and Physical activity

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Full access: To this and over 1 million additional datasets Save Time: If allow integration with your project Valid data: Access to all sources and background information. Childhood obesity is a significant global public health problem. Open in a separate window. Relationships of low serum vitamin D3 with anthropometry and markers of the metabolic syndrome and diabetes in overweight and obesity. Women,

Stakeholders reported that a lot of work has arabiia done around obesity prevention and control in recent years, with obesity being recognised as a disease by many. Prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity amongst Saudi school children, a study done by using three noninvasive methods. WHO Infobase. Save statistic in.

Population breakdowns

In addition, 0215 the obesity prevalence was estimated to be In the southwestern region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, there is scarcity of data about the prevalence or incidence of obesity and overweight at the community level. Study design and methods Since obesity does not discriminate between genders or socioeconomic status of people, in this study we followed up a cohort of male mean BMI BMI distribution in randomly selected Saudi female school children Next we surveyed area female high schools for prevalence of obesity. The main objective of our study was to estimate the prevalence of obesity and overweight among adults attending primary health care settings, southwestern region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

  • Adult data was collected by Humood and his team.

  • No Are there any obesity-specific recommendations or guidelines published for adults? The high rates of increased body weight and obesity observed worldwide, and vitamin D insufficiency are closely interrelated problems and both have deleterious health effects in all age groups.

  • JAMA ;

Obesity, diets, and social inequalities. Additional Information. O et al. Reproduced with kind permission International Diabetes Federation. Register in seconds and access exclusive features. Gautam S, Jeong HS. The study subjects were recruited from secondary, intermediate, and primary schools in major cities in these three regions of Saudi Arabia.

Participants were contacted by phone on up to three occasions. Obesity and respiratory diseases. Thus, smoking was not significantly associated with obesity and risk of obesity decreased prevalrnce from nonsmokers to smokers. BMI distribution in Adult population of Hail region. Obesity is defined as an adult with the body mass index BMI of However, obesity is associated with respiratory symptoms and lung diseases, including exertional dyspnea, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, obesity hypoventilation syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and asthma [ 9 ]. This national study showed a female predominance regarding obesity prevalence

  • Mada H. Table 1.

  • Published Nov 8.

  • Jack, J.

  • Methods: Prevaoence study is a community-based national epidemiological health survey, conducted by examining Saudi subjects in the age group of years of selected households over a 5-year period between and in KSA. Drinking milk was not associated with overweight or obesity in the current study, however, other studies reported a significant association among high school students

The association wrabia higher overweight or obesity with an increased socioeconomic status in developing countries has been attributed to the consumption of high energy foods, snacks, and drinks, and the use of motorized transportation to and from schools 32 Overweight and obesity among Saudi children and adolescents: Where do we stand today? KSA National strategy for diet and Physical activity Strategy aims to promote health and specifically reduce obesity rates, increase fruit and vegetable consumption, reduce physical inactivity, and stabilise hyperlipidaemia and diabetes. PNG format. Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health.

In developed countries, increased BMI was obseity associated with reduced physical activity 39low consumption of healthy foods 40and low socioeconomic groups 41 A paid subscription is required for full access. To complement the national system, there is cooperative health insurance provided by private employers and the government for public workers only. Excise tax. Strategy aims to promote health and specifically reduce obesity rates, increase fruit and vegetable consumption, reduce physical inactivity, and stabilise hyperlipidaemia and diabetes.

Publication types

Humood A. BMI provides a measure of overweight and obesity among populations. Gravena, S. Since obesity does not discriminate between genders or socioeconomic status of people, in this study we followed up a cohort of male mean BMI

Guidelines including recommendations for the non-pharmacological, pharmacological, and surgical management of overweight and obese adults, research priorities regarding lifestyle interventions and economic analysis of drug therapy within the Saudi context, and long term benefits and harms of bariatric surgery. Saudi Medical Journal, - Table 3. Citizens also have the choice to have private health insurance schemes to enter the private healthcare system. The very high prevalence of VDD and VDI among our obese children and adolescents emphasize the critical need for appropriate interventions to address both problems of obesity and poor vitamin D status in this age group. This statistic is not included in your account.

Volume 30 Issue 3. Revised 03 Feb Obesity and respiratory diseases. View at: Google Scholar Z. Thus, smoking was not significantly associated with obesity and risk of obesity decreased nonsignificantly from nonsmokers to smokers. Related articles Adolescents children obesity overweight Saudi Arabia.

Introduction

GCC8 international conference of Medical students. Carvalho, and S. Childhood obesity is associated with premature death and disability. Quan, Y. Saudi J Gastroenterol [serial online] [cited Jul 30];

Saudi Med. Prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders in obese and overweight children. The majority of the studied population was Saudi After 10 minutes of rest, blood pressure BP was measured on the right arm in a sitting position, using an appropriate cuff size. Global, regional, andnational prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during — A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study

In fact, prevalenve the last 20 prevaalence, the rates of obesity have tripled largely due to decreased physical activity and increased consumption of energy dense foods [ 7 ]. In our study, the highest obesity region was the Eastern Region However, hypertension cannot be considered as a predictor of obesity but it is a consequence and that is why it was significantly associated with obesity. Our study included adults visiting primary care centres in the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia. Recent results of the health surveys show obesity is more common in children and adults of low socioeconomic status [ 1213 ]. Obesity and cardiovascular disease. BMI was measured for all of our subjects additionally questions were asked regarding their family history such as how often they exercise, watch TV, how often they eat red meat, prevalence of colon cancer due to inadequate vegetable consumptionpreference for sweets, etc.

Zhao, and G. Turki S. Discussion This study investigated the prevalence of obesity in Saudi Arabia from a recent national level survey conducted by phone-interviews. The overall mean weight was

There is evidence that weight loss is associated with increased serum 25 OH D concentration in overweight or obese people. BMC Public Health ; XLS format. Sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage consumption correlates with BMI, waist circumference, and poor dietary choices in school children.

Brischiliari, T. The standard backward and forward translation was done. Agabia, no national study has investigated the association between obesity and cancer, lung diseases, CV diseases, sleep apnea, and rheumatoid arthritis. Gerontology ; Gravena, S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

A national survey conducted between and found that the overall prevalence of obesity among Saudi adults was In our study, the occurrence of obesity was less in smokers Revised 03 Feb

PDF format. J Pediatr ; Basic Account. Misra A, Khurana L. Results: Data were obtained by examining 17, Saudi subjects from selected households who participated in the study. Profit from additional features by authenticating your Admin account.

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Demand, however, is high in the public sector and so many of those seeking treatment obtain support via the private system as an out of pocket expense. External link. Lancet ; Prvalence of the children were in high school These findings are alarming and point to the need for effective national interventions that include improving and encouraging access to physical activity and exposure to sunlight, educational activities for students, parents, and schoolteachers and possible enrichment of staple food with vitamin D. Obesity started to increase at the age of 10 years and continued to increase until 19 years. Saudi J Gastroenterol.

  • Lombardi, E.

  • These studies used different references for measuring overweight precalence obesity i. Statistics Prevalence of obesity prevalence of obesity in saudi arabia 2015 population UAE Prevalence of obesity adult population Kuwait Adult obesity rates in Louisiana by ethnicity Adult obesity rates in Maine by ethnicity Adult obesity rates in Connecticut by ethnicity Adult obesity rates in Utah by ethnicity Adult obesity rates in North Dakota by ethnicity Adult obesity rates in Montana by ethnicity Adult obesity rates in Colorado by ethnicity Obesity and overweight rate among girls by ethnicity in the U.

  • Benziger, J. World Health Organization Obesity and Overweight.

  • Insufficient physical activity Adults, Int J Pediatr Obes ;

  • Northern Borders.

El Bcheraoui, and M. Thus, each quota required 90 participants, and the total targeted sample was participants. Obesity is growing in Saudi Arabia in every age group and gender at an alarming rate. Table 2: Comparison of overweight group versus normal body mass index group Click here to view. BMC Public Health.

Register in seconds and access exclusive features. Consent of participants was obtained at the time of the study that covered ethical issues related to the questionnaire and the study. Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity. Study sampling We included apparently healthy school children and adolescents living in three geographical regions of Saudi Arabia Central, Western and Eastern regions. While, other studies showed similar proportions of increased BMI among boys and girls without significant differences 33other reports documented a significantly higher prevalence of overweight among girls compared to boys 23 An equal percentage of the participating children was taken from each of the 3 regions.

Healthcare Basel. The reproducibility of measures and the precision of this device have been demonstrated. Zhao, and G.

View at: Google Scholar M. Mohammad Parvaiz Qamar Farshori. Obesity and overweight were defined obesity saudi to the WHO standards. Thus, smoking was not significantly associated with obesity and risk of obesity decreased nonsignificantly from nonsmokers to smokers. The findings were in agreement with global literature and confirmed the association of obesity with these conditions regardless of the sociodemographic differences between the countries [ 81011 ]. Saud J Gastroenterol ; Tilling, and Y.

Data integrity checks, inherent to the QPlatform data collection system, minimized invalid or erroneous data entries. Percentage im overweight and obese people is rising in Saudi Arabia. Presented in 3 rd international conference on obesity and weight management held in San Francisco, USA. All participants completed a self-administered and pretested questionnaire.

Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease. These estimates were calculated by weighting male and female survey results. This statistic presents the prevalence of obesity among adults aged 18 years and older in Saudi Arabia from to

Evidence that the prevalence of childhood overweight is plateauing: Data from nine countries. Method 2. Body height was recorded to the nearest 0. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ;65; Confirm Cancel. Lifestyle factors associated with overweight andobesity among Saudi adolescents. The overall mean weight was

Our saudi arabia showed high prevalence of overweight and obesity which should be considered as a public health concern to be followed by specific interventions at the community level with multidisciplinary activities starting from childhood as a primordial prevention program. The age range of our subjects was between years. View at: Google Scholar S. Since obesity does not discriminate between genders or socioeconomic status of people, in this study we followed up a cohort of male mean BMI Obesity is becoming the most common health problem of the 21st century, as it will contribute significantly to the high prevalence of cardiovascular disease in developing countries.

Girls, The very high prevalence of VDD and VDI among our obese children and adolescents emphasize the preva,ence need for appropriate interventions to address both problems of obesity and poor vitamin D status in this age group. Drewnowski A. As a Premium user you get access to the detailed source references and background information about this statistic.

Table 3 presents the association between obesity and various chronic conditions. The reproducibility of measures and the precision of this device have been demonstrated. World Health Organization. Age-related consequences of childhood obesity.

Most children had either deficient or suboptimal levels of serum vitamin D Childhood obesity represents a significant public health concern due to its rising trend 1 - 3. Find articles by Ahmed Al Shuaibi. Learn More. J Family Med Prim Care. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

J Pediatr ; Full access: To this and over 1 million additional datasets Save Time: Downloads allow integration with your project Valid data: Access to all sources and background information. Prevalence of obesity among adult population in Saudi Arabia from to Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity.

Nutrients, 12 2p. The pledge informs and benchmarks how food and beverage products are marketed in a responsible way to children under the age of 12 in the region. Overweight and obesity among Saudi children and adolescents: Where do we stand today? This cross-sectional study included 3. Therefore, we designed this study with the objective to determine the prevalence of obesity and overweight among Saudis of both gender, between the ages of years in rural as well as in urban communities. Vitamin D serum samples from different sites were sent to the central lab at Jeddah city King Abdulaziz Medical Cityand analyzed by chemiluminescence immunoassay within two weeks of sample collection.

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Al-Jawaldeh, A. Prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity amongst Saudi school children, a study done by using three noninvasive methods. There appears to be a focus on bariatric surgery, with trainees funded to train. Acta Biomed. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from to a pooled analysis of population-based surveys with 1. Health systems Health systems.

This cross-sectional study included 3. Stakeholders reported that a lot of work has been done prevalende obesity prevention and control in recent years, with obesity being recognised as a disease by many. Drewnowski A. Are there adequate numbers of trained health professionals in specialties relevant to obesity in urban areas? Acta Paediatr Suppl ;

The ethics committee of Sharik Association for Health Araabia approved this research project Approval no. Since childhood obesity has been linked with serious health problems and premature death [9], we decided to look at the prevalence of adult and child obesity in Saudi school children. This evidence highlights the need for action to focus more on obesity in Saudi Arabia.

State of Health. Profit from additional features with an Employee Account. Table 3. Other studied variables exercise and intake of milk were obtained through a self-reported simple questionnaire.

Int J Epidemiol. Overweight and obesity among Saudi children and adolescents: Where do we stand today? Topics Obesity and Overweight Fast food industry in the U. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Smoking was not significantly associated with obesity, whereas hypertension was significantly associated with obesity. However, obesity is strongly prfvalence to metabolic abnormalities, which in turn linked to CV. A systolic blood pressure of mmHg or higher was considered to be hypertension, or high blood pressure. E-mail : Pfarshori Yahoo. Thus, each quota required 90 participants, and the total targeted sample was participants. If not controlled, it can lead to many health problems such as hypertension, hyper-lipidemia, heart disease, sleep apnea, osteoarthritis and diabetes. The risk of overweight or obesity significantly increased from the highest to the lowest monthly income; it passed from 1.

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